Mass Media Research Guide

Mass media resources include collections concerning mass communications, such as the founding records of a public television station or a newspaper morgue; records of media and public relations organizations, such as press associations; and papers of journalists, announcers, station managers, and photojournalists.

Articles in the Missouri Historical Review

Catalog

Many of the State Historical Society’s holdings are included in Merlin, the shared library catalog of the four University of Missouri campuses. The best term to search for sources about the history of media professionals is simply “media.” You can also search specific media personalities by name, title of broadcast program, newspaper, or other formal titles.

Editorial Cartoons

The Society’s collection of editorial cartoons was started in 1946 with an important donation of works by Pulitzer Prize-winning artist Daniel F. Fitzpatrick. The collection continues to grow, with over 8,000 works from Bill Mauldin, Tom Engelhardt, and many others.

View All Digital Editorial Cartoons

Historic Missourian Biographies

The Society’s Historic Missourians website contains biographies of a number of journalists, newspaper editors, and radio personalities.

  • Lucile Bluford - Lucile Bluford was a well-respected editor and publisher of the Kansas City Call and a civil rights activist.

  • Jack Buck - Jack Buck was one of Missouri’s sports broadcasting pioneers. As the main play-by-play announcer for KMOX radio, Buck was known as the “Voice of the St. Louis Cardinals” for nearly half a century.

  • Harry Caray - Harry Caray was one of the most famous professional baseball announcers in the history of the sport. Although long associated with the Chicago Cubs, he first called St. Louis Cardinals baseball games on radio and television for more than twenty-five years.
  • Joseph Charless -Joseph Charless was a printer who founded the St. Louis Gazette, the first newspaper published west of the Mississippi River.

  • George Creel – George E. Creel was a journalist, politician, and author. He and his friend Arthur Grissom published their own paper, the Independent, launching it in 1899.

  • Walter Cronkite – Walter Cronkite was one of the first broadcast journalists on American television. He is best remembered as the anchorman and managing editor of the CBS Evening News from 1962 to 1981.

  • John Newman Edwards – John Newman Edwards was a pro-Confederate journalist who helped create the image of Jesse James as a heroic bandit.

  • Martha Gellhorn - Martha Gellhorn was a journalist and writer who became a noted war correspondent.

  • Mary Paxton Keeley - Mary Paxton Keeley was the first woman graduate of the University of Missouri School of Journalism.

  • Mary Margaret McBride - Mary Margaret McBride was a writer and journalist who became one of the most popular radio broadcasters of the 1930s to the 1950s. She was known as “The First Lady of Radio.”

  • Joseph Pulitzer - Joseph Pulitzer created a journalistic style that is still in use today. Mixing thought-provoking editorials and political news with crime and public-interest stories, Pulitzer made the St. Louis Post-Dispatch and the New York World profitable papers.

  • Carl Schurz – Carl Schurz edited and co-owned the Westliche Post, a popular German-language newspaper in St. Louis, in 1867. From 1881 to 1884 he edited and eventually co-owned the Evening Post newspaper.

  • Franz Sigel – Franz Sigel was a German-born Union general during the Civil War. After the war, Sigel published a German-language newspaper in Baltimore before going to New York City in 1867. In 1895 he published a newspaper, the New Yorker Deutches Volksblatt. He was the editor of the New York Monthly from 1897 until his retirement in 1900.

  • Marcus Walter Williams – Walter Williams was one of the most influential journalists in American history. An accomplished newspaper editor, he is best known for founding the world’s first school of journalism at the University of Missouri.

Manuscripts

The State Historical Society of Missouri manuscript collection documents the roles of news and broadcast media professionals throughout the state. The mass media collection features founding records of public television stations and newspaper morgues, records of media and public relations organizations such as press associations, and papers of journalists, announcers, station managers, and photojournalists. Some examples of available collections include the personal and professional papers of Donald Dwight Davis, president of WHB radio and KMBC-TV; the papers of Robert Hyland, general manager for KMOX radio and CBS senior regional vice president; and the Missouri Broadcasters Association Radio Archives Collection, part of a pilot program for the Library of Congress’ Radio Preservation Task Force.

View All Mass Media Manuscript Collections

Newspapers

The State Historical Society of Missouri newspaper collection spans over 200 years, from 1808 to present day. The collection is available in 1,270 bound volumes and on over 56,000 reels of microfilm. A dynamic collection, some three hundred current newspapers, from every Missouri county, are added to the collection each week.

View Newspaper Collection

Oral Histories

Missouri Newspapers Oral History Project

Interviews with Missouri newspaper people regarding the history and evolution of newspapers in Missouri. A selection of interviews are available online.