At the close of World War II the Allied nations liberated Korea from Japan, with the United States occupying the south and the Soviet Union controlling the north. Although the partition was meant to be temporary, the Korean peninsula soon became a reflection of early Cold War global divisions, with a Communist state arising in the north and a democracy in the south. The Korean War began on June 25, 1950, when North Korea invaded South Korea. Backed by the United Nations, President Harry S. Truman ordered US troops into South Korea to stop the invasion. Communist Chinese forces intervened on behalf of North Korea, and the fighting settled into a stalemate. Although it was never officially declared a war, the “Korean Conflict” continued until an armistice was signed on July 27, 1953.
On the home front, the war intensified fears of communism, heightening political tensions during Truman’s presidency. After the armistice, the United States continued to station troops in South Korea to monitor the activities of Chinese and Soviet forces that remained in North Korea. More than six decades later, Korea remains two separate nations, with an armed border between them.
The State Historical Society of Missouri’s collection of editorial cartoons began in 1946 with an important donation of works by Pulitzer-Prize-winning artist Daniel Robert Fitzpatrick of the St. Louis Post-Dispatch. The collection has now grown to more than 8,000 works and includes many other well-known cartoonists such as Bill Mauldin and Tom Engelhardt. The works graphically and often poignantly reflect attitudes and opinions on contemporary local, national, and international events. Most of the cartoons in the Society's collection that touch upon the Korean War were drawn by Fitzpatrick.
The State Historical Society of Missouri manuscript collections include materials related to the Korean War.
For a list of all digitized newspapers, visit the Missouri Digital Newspaper Project.
For a list of newspapers on microfilm at The State Historical Society of Missouri, visit the newspaper catalog.
|County||Collection Title||Date Range|
|Carter||Van Buren Current Local||1884-1994|
|Cole||Lincoln University Clarion||1935-1975|
|Franklin||Franklin County Tribune/Tribune-Republican||1887-1919; 1923-1966|
|Franklin||St. Clair Chronicle||1927-1977|
|Franklin||Washington Citizen||1905-1939; 1943-1965|
|Gasconade||Bland Courier||1904-1951; 1963-1966|
|Gascondae||Gasconade County Republican||1896-1898; 1903-1922; 1925-1966|
|Macon||Macon Daily Chronicle-Herald/Macon Chronicle-Herald||1926-1956|
|Macon||New Cambria Leader||1914-1958|
|Warren||Warrenton Banner||1868-1872; 1881-1897; 1902-1968|