Guide to American Civil War in Missouri

Regions in Missouri

In preparation for the sesquicentennial of the Civil War, several projects were funded by digital imaging grants from the Institute of Museum and Library Services under the provisions of the Library Services and Technology Act as administered by the Missouri State Library, a division of the Office of the Secretary of State. The several grants that were funded covered specific areas of Missouri. This page is using those areas as a basis for the Regions of Missouri. Not all areas of Missouri were covered by the grants.

The State Historical Society also received funding from the State Library in an earlier grant to digitize over 5,000 pages related to the American Civil War in Missouri. These digitized collections are from across the state.

Central Counties


Civil War in Central Missouri

Missouri played a pivotal role in the years leading up to and during the Civil War. From the Missouri Compromise in 1820 to the Border War with Kansas between 1854 and 1861, Missouri was at the center of many political and violent battles that moved the nation toward the Civil War. The central Missouri region, especially along the Missouri River, was particularly important as the home of Missouri state government and because of its large slave population. The counties in central Missouri were populated by a very diverse group of individuals: immigrants newly arrived from Germany, loyal southern families with close ties to the south, staunch Union supporters, slaves, and free Negroes.

Southwestern Counties


The counties in this area include:

Barry, Barton, Bates, Benton, Camden, Cedar, Christian, Dade, Dallas, Douglas, Greene, Hickory, Howell, Jasper, Laclede, Lawrence, McDonald, Newton, Ozark, Phelps, Polk, Pulaski, St. Clair, Stone, Taney, Texas, Vernon, Webster, and Wright.

Western Border Counties

Western Border

The counties in this area include:

Andrew, Atchison, Bates, Buchanan, Caldwell, Carroll, Cass, Chariton, Clay, Clinton, Daviess, DeKalb, Gentry, Grundy, Harrison, Henry, Holt, Howard, Jackson, Johnson, Lafayette, Linn, Livingston, Mercer, Nodaway, Platte, Putnam, Ray, Saline, Sullivan, and Worth.

St. Louis Area Counties

St. Louis Area

The counties in this area include:

Franklin, Gasconade, Jefferson, Montgomery, St. Charles, St. Louis, and Warren.

Southeast Counties


The counties in this area include:

Bollinger, Butler, Cape Girardeau, Carter, Crawford, Dent, Dunklin, Iron, Madison, Mississippi, New Madrid, Oregon, Pemiscot, Perry, Reynolds, Ripley, St. Francois, Ste. Genevieve, Scott, Shannon, Stoddard, Washington, and Wayne.

Northeast Counties


This area of the state has not been explored by a specific grant. However, the State Historical Society has digitized several collections from this area. The counties in this area include:

Adair, Clark, Knox, Lewis, Lincoln, Marion, Pike, Ralls, Schuyler, Scotland, and Shelby.

Statewide Collections

An Address to the Public, Vindicating a Work of Art Illustrative of the Federal Military Policy in Missouri During the Late Civil War
  by: George C. Bingham

Annual Report of the Adjutant General of Missouri for the Year Ending December 31, 1865
  by: The Missouri Adjutant General’s Office

Camp and Prison Journal Embracing Scenes in Camp, On the March, and in Prisons
  by: Griffin Frost

Civil War Sheet Music (The Sheet Music Collection)

Negro-Slavery, No Evil; or the North and the South
  by: Platte County Self-Defensive Association

Patrick Quirk (1845-1921), Diary, 1865 (C3943)

Report of the Committee of the House of Representatives...Appointed to Investigate the Conduct and Management of the Militia

The Lyon Campaign in Missouri
  by: E. F. Ware

Union and Anti-Slavery Speeches Delivered During The Rebellion
  by: Charles D. Drake

William Work Papers