Collection with primary source materials related to folklore and culture held by the State Historical Society of Missouri-Columbia at the University of Missouri. See also a list of collections related to Culture, Language, Literature, Music, and Visual and Performing Arts.
*Collections marked with DIGITIZED MATERIALS have additional digitized items available.
Agnew, John, Collection, (CA4999)
8 audio cassettes, 3 volumes
Audio cassettes of folk music of Missouri, Arkansas, and Kentucky. Features the fiddle along with other string instruments. Also includes sheet music of American and Irish folk music.
Allen, James Lane (1849-1925), Papers, 1886, (C2696)
The papers of James Lane Allen contain a manuscript describing Mrs. Stowe's "Uncle Tom" at home in Kentucky. Also included is a letter to R.W. Gilder, editor of CENTURY MAGAZINE, concerning the manuscript, and a copy of the CENTURY MAGAZINE, October 1887, containing the article.
American Dialect Society, Proverb Collection, (CA5248)
34 cubic feet
Field research materials for a Dictionary of American Proverbs compiled under the directorship of Margaret Bryant. Includes materials from most of the United States and several Canadian provinces.
Applegate, Lisbon (1803-1875), Collection, 1819-1903, (C0996)
2 linear feet, 18 volumes
Correspondence and business papers of Lisbon and Lewis M. Applegate of Keytesville, Missouri. Letters from George W. Applegate in California, 1848-1873, describing prospects for ranching, gold mining, and wine-making ventures; politics; and impact of Civil War and abolitionists. Civil War in Missouri; politics in Missouri and Chariton County; economic conditions and opportunities in Chariton County.
Bass Family Papers, 1864-1932, (C2367)
Notebook and miscellaneous papers concerning music, recipes, home remedies, medical care, school reports, accounts and business of Sallie F. Ellis [Mrs. Lawrence Derby Bass, Sr.], L. Derby Bass, Jr., and Ella Read Bass of Boone County, Missouri.
Bass-Ellis Family, Papers, 1867-1902, (C2241)
Correspondence and business papers of Lawrence Derby Bass and Abraham E. Ellis of Boone County, MO.
Bayless, Raymond, Observation of the 'Missouri Spook Light', 1963, (C2134)
Description of an unidentified light in southwest Missouri which residents call the ""Missouri Spook Light.""
Benecke Family Papers, 1816-1989, n.d., (C3825)
90.8 linear feet, 62 volumes, 3 audio tapes, 3 records, 413 glass plate negatives
Correspondence, business and law firm records, civic, political, legislative, and personal papers of a German American family of Brunswick, Missouri.
Bethel Community, Shelby County, Missouri, Song Books, 1859, 1863, n.d., (C3876)
1 folder, 1 roll of microlfilm
Three song books containing only the words of German songs, including folk songs and hymns (two are published and one is handwritten).
Bingham, John and Jacob, Papers, 1822-1884, (C2715)
The papers contain mostly correspondence of the Bingham family of Virginia and Missouri; scant mention of contemporary news. A few miscellaneous papers connected with estates, wills, and property.
Boonville Turn and Gesang Verein Papers, 1895-1925, (C0880)
1 folder, 11 volumes
Constitution and by-laws, deed, rules for use of meeting hall, reports of secretary, receipts for dues, and application for membership of a German social organization in Boonville, MO. Minutes, roster of members, and account books. Written in German until 1902.
Bootheel Project, Records, 1993-1997, (C3928)
3.2 linear feet, 161 audio cassettes, 9 records, 2 video cassettes
The records of the Bootheel Project document the art, culture and heritage of the Missouri Bootheel. The records include photographs, color slides, audio cassettes, transcripts, and video cassettes of interviews with Bootheel residents. Sound recordings, planning documents, field workers’ notes, and miscellaneous items collected throughout the project are also included.
Boyer, Pierre, Collection, (CA5333)
3 linear feet, 3 audio cassettes
Collected papers of a Missouri storyteller. Includes publicity, performance information, biographical materials, research files, story manuscripts, photographs, published materials, clippings, and recorded interview with Boyer.
Bryant, E.E., “Early Times,” 1961, (C2719)
The papers contain a personal reminiscence and historical anecdotes collected by author since 1895, dealing with Mississippi County and Charleston, Missouri.
Burnham, Ralph Warren, Ipswich, Massachusetts, Hooked Rug Patterns, (C3759)
The collection contains an undated illustrated booklet of patterns for making hooked rugs.
Cansler, Loman D. (1924-1992) and Laura M. (1931-2007), Collection, 1820-2005, (C4018)
10.5 linear feet, 203 audio tapes, 41 audio cassettes, 2 video cassettes, 35 audio discs
The Loman and Laura Cansler Collection represents a lifetime of collecting on Missouri’s folk song and folklore tradition. Cansler recorded and collected folk songs, proverbs, jokes, and home remedies, primarily in Missouri, but also in Kansas and Illinois. In addition to this large body of folk song and folklore material, the collection includes information on Cansler’s early life in Dallas County, Missouri, his WWII service, and his career as a school counselor at the Fayette and North Kansas City High Schools. The collection also includes slides and prints of Laura Cansler’s abstract expressionist artwork.
Carden All International Shrine Circus, Souvenir Program, 1983, (R1264)
This is the 1983 Official Program for George Carden's All International Shrine Circus, an operation of Carden International Circus Corporation at Willard in Greene County, Missouri.
Carney, B.B. ( -1937), Papers, 1933-1937, (C0240)
Composition, "The Ozark Fiddler," and two promissory notes.
Chapman, John A.J., Records, 1845-1863, (C2987)
2 volumes on 1 roll of microfilm
Account book and ledger for mining and smelting operations at Ross Camp and for mercantile operations at Independence, Wayne City, and St. Joseph, Missouri. Memoranda of personal accounts, medical remedies, and farming; surveys; plats; and maps. Notes about the Civil War and jayhawking on the Missouri-Kansas border.
Christeson, Robert P. (1911-1992), Collection, 1808-1995, (C3971)
36 linear feet, 1387 audio discs, 133 audio tapes, 152 audio cassettes, 112 wire recordings, 3 film reels
The Christeson Collection comprises sheet music, song books, and other publications related to square dancing and folk dances, publications on the history of violins and fiddlers, catalogs of instruments and musical recordings, correspondence, photographs and family papers, fiddle organization newsletters, fiddling contest flyers, folk festival information, and the working papers of volumes I and II of The Old-Time Fiddler's Repertory. In addition, this collection contains Christeson's original wire recordings, audio tapes, and audio discs of fiddle tunes, jam sessions, fiddle contests, and other folk genres.
Christopher, Adrienne Tinker, "The Story of Daniel Yoacham," n.d., (C2927)
Traces the Yoacham family of Westport, Missouri, through three generations, and discusses fur trading in Missouri. Includes anecdotes and legends of fur traders of the 1820s and 1830s.
Clark, Champ (1850-1921) and Bennett Champ (1890-1954), Papers, 1853-1973, (C0666)
25 linear feet, 4 oversize volumes
Political and personal papers of a Democratic U.S. congressman from Missouri, 1893-1895 and 1897-1921, and his son, a Democratic U.S. senator from Missouri, 1933-1945. Also includes materials of other family members. Collection contains correspondence, financial and legal documents, journals, photographs, speeches and writings, and clippings and scrapbooks.
Coggswell, Gladys, Papers, (CA6083)
2.3 linear feet, 52 audio cassettes, 21 video cassettes, 5 CDs
Papers of storyteller, educator, folklorist, and singer Gladys Coggswell of Frankford, Missouri. Includes correspondence, miscellaneous papers, newspaper clippings, photographs, folklore stories and other materials, audio and videocassettes of Coggswell performances.
Colman-Hayter Family Papers, 1839-1900, (C0084)
0.2 linear feet
Correspondence and miscellaneous material of a northwest Missouri family. Correspon-dence includes letters from William S. Hayter who was with General Stephen W. Kearny in the Southwest during the Mexican War; letters from Washington and Thomas J. Hayter describing their lives in the Oregon Territory; letters from Henry Colman during his trips down the Mississippi; letters from Mary Colman Belt to her family in Texas; and letters of Thomas H. Colman and Abraham G. Hayter, soldiers in the Confederate Army.
Concordia Project, Records, (CA6099)
0.9 linear feet
Color photographs and negatives of textiles produced by Missouri artisans for the Concordia Project. Includes crochet and tatting, cut work and embroidery, quilts and quilting, rag rugs, and weaving. Also includes miscellaneous files and audio cassette interviews.
Conley-Miller Family, Papers, 1792-1967, (C3693)
5.2 linear feet, 3 oversize volumes
Correspondence, diaries, scrapbooks, account books, ledgers, financial and personal rec-ords, genealogical materials, photographs, and miscellaneous items of the Conleys and Millers, prominent Boone County, Missouri, families.
Conyers, Thomas W. (1795-1879), Papers, 1817-1903, (C0755)
0.2 linear feet, 1 oversize volume
The papers of a Monroe County, Missouri, landowner, merchant, soldier, and politician include diaries, an account book, genealogical materials on the Conyers family, and miscellany regarding the daily activities of the Conyers family and their slaves. Particular emphasis is given to everyday farming operations and accounts.
Corder-Thomas Family, Papers, 1867-1961, (C3697)
56 volumes and 9 folders on 11 rolls of microfilm, 1 oversize folder
The Corder-Thomas Family Papers consist of diaries of Leslie Walker Corder, a Waver-ly, Missouri, farmer and civic leader; his wife Nellie Perry Buck Corder; and her aunt Susan Buck Cooper Thomas. The papers also include family letters, newsclippings, and miscellaneous items.
Crede Family Papers, 1818-1939, (3065)
2 linear feet and 2 oversize volumes; also available on 4 rolls of microfilm
Personal correspondence, genealogical records, and business records of a German-American family living in Osage County, Missouri. The bulk of the collection concerns Her-mann Crede, who emigrated in 1853; other papers pertain to his brothers, Wilhelm (who emi-grated in 1853) and Carl (who emigrated in 1855). Much of the correspondence is in German; the business records are in English.
CrossCurrents Culture Unlimited Records, ca. 1980-2009, (K0544)
8 cubic feet
Organizational records and sound recordings of a not-for-profit which produces concerts, plays and community events.
Culp, Henry C. (1844- ), Diary, 1874-1879, (C3736)
The collection contains a copy of a diary of a West Virginia man who came to Missouri with his family in the 1870s and settled in Webster and then Pettis Counties. The diary is primarily an account of Culp's travels from West Virginia to Missouri and Kansas, with some record of daily events over a span of five years. Also included are financial accounts, prices for food and supplies, family history, some home remedies, and three hand-drawn maps of a small section of Webster County.
Dearing, Julia Ann, Letter, 1839, (C0494)
To James Jones, High Hill, MO, from Ste. Genevieve, MO, Sept. 19, 1839. Letter to her father describing river travel on a wedding trip on the Mississippi. Original in the possession of Mrs. J.D. Ebert.
Deatherage, Charles P., "The Rambles of a School Boy in Saint Louis--1865," n.d., (C1712)
Reminiscences of life in St. Louis in the 1860s. Deatherage wrote about the families on Madison Street, children's pastimes during summer vacations, and the construction of the Eads Bridge.
Dierssen, Anna (1884-1969), Papers, 1907-1965 (C3399)
0.5 linear feet
Diaries of student days at the University of Missouri, 1907-1908, and as a member of the Wednesday Club, Cape Girardeau, MO, 1911-1918; journal of a trip to a family reunion in West Virginia, 1961; two collections of poetry; and novelette about life in Illinois and Missouri in the 19th century.
Dougherty, John (1791-1860), Letter Book, 1826-1829, (C2292)
1 volume; also available on 1 roll of microfilm
The Dougherty letter book contains letters from Dougherty, fur trader, interpreter, and Upper Missouri Indian agent, to William Clark, superintendent of Indian affairs at St. Louis, various U.S. Army officers, Indian agents, interpreters and fur traders, U.S. War and Treasury Department officials, Missouri politicians, and private citizens.
Draper-McClurg Family, Papers, 1838-2009, (C3069)
3.9 linear feet; folders 1-134 also available on 5 rolls of microfilm
The Draper-McClurg family papers are comprised of correspondence, photographs, Civil War diaries and records, and other personal papers of the families of Philander Draper and Joseph W. McClurg. The papers document the families' involvement in politics, farming and orchards, lead mining and smelting, the Civil War, and frontier life in Missouri, the Dakota Territory, and several western states.
Elmore, Patricia Shively (1935-2015), Papers, 1878-2015, (CG0013)
1 cubic feet (14 folders), 8 film reels, 2 oversized volumes
The papers of Patricia Shively Elmore contain diaries, correspondence, genealogy, scrapbooks, and photographs related to the donor's family. This collection also contains diplomas, commencement programs, military documents, photographs, souvenir postcards, films, and funeral memorabilia of the donor's second husband, William "Bill" Elmore.
Erickson, Bill, Collection, (CA5140)
7 audio cassettes
Recordings of fiddle music.
Evans, Wilson, Collection, (CA5904)
Audio recordings of banjo renditions of American folk and popular music by a Sikeston, MO, musician, 1990s.
Eversmann Family, Papers, 1810-1982, (C3743)
0.3 linear feet
Family history and genealogy of the Eversmann family in Germany. Biographical sketches of Alexander, Ludwig, and Julius Eversmann. Correspondence, financial and legal records of Ludwig Eversmann and Gottfried Duden of Warren County, Missouri. Also poems, home remedies, and other miscellaneous items. Mostly in German with some English translations.
Faries, Clyde, Collection, (CA5659)
Addition of two cassettes containing folk music recorded by the Faries family.
Faries, Clyde, Collection, (CA5645)
0.1 linear feet
Lyrics of folk songs performed by the Faries family, and recordings of folk songs performed in memory of Charles Faries.
Faries, Clyde, Papers, (CA5702)
Addition. One copy of "A Bunch of Time: Heritage Songs in Honor of Charles Faries," performed by Clyde Faries and others.
Fike, Ellie, (1861-1950), Diaries, 1879-1892, (C2216)
3 volumes, 3 folders
The papers contain diaries written by Ellie Fike while a student at the State Normal School at Warrensburg, Missouri, and during her post-graduate life at home and at work.
Fike, Henry C., (1832-1919), Diaries, 1851-1919, (C2215)
0.1 linear feet, 43 volumes
Diaries written by Fike while a student in McKendree College, IL; while a soldier in the Civil War; and about his migration to and life in Warrensburg, MO, and his work in Kansas City, MO, and various cities in the West.
Folk Songs of America's History, Film, 1960, (CA6455)
1 16mm film
Introduces and defines folk music, presenting examples from important periods in American history. The film was produced by Coronet Films, an educational film company.
Folklore Genre, Collection, 2013, (CA6374)
0.1 cubic feet, 1 CD, 1 computer disc
Collection of folklore oral histories done by students of MU English instructor Raymond Summerville includes transcripts and audio of oral history interviews. Also included in the collection is an ethnography of the Broadway Diner, Columbia, MO.
Froman, C.V., "The James Boys," 1954, (C0694)
Stories about Jesse and Frank James and other Missouri outlaws.
Gaddis, Merrill E. ( -1958), Collection, 1941-1955, (C3961)
1.8 linear feet
The Merrill E. Gaddis Collection consists of term papers about historical houses in Missouri, written by students of Gaddis for his course, History of the South, at Central Methodist College in Fayette, Missouri.
Galbraith, Art (1909-1993), Papers, 1977-1993, (C1213)
0.1 linear feet, 2 record albums, 1 audio cassette
Papers of Art Galbraith, a fiddler from southwestern Missouri, who played folk music from the Ozarks. The papers consist of publicity, concert programs and advertisements, obituaries, correspondence, awards, and recordings of his music.
German Club Papers, 1903-1965 (C3360)
1.4 linear feet
The papers of the German Club contain correspondence and minutes written in both English and German. The papers are partially translated and include programs, menus, elections, degree requirements, clippings, visitors, songs, photographs, and five woodcuts for German Christmas cards.
Gigous Family, Papers, 1875-1877, (C0325)
Letters written to George and Mary Gigous by M.E. Wagner, sister of Mary; Amos Castle, friend of George; and Daniel Stull, cousin of George. The letters describe farming, agricultural prices, immigration, rural education, and rural life in Otter Creek, IA, and Maryville, MO. Includes typed notes on the family.
Goebel, Gert, "The Development of Missouri," 1879, (C1109)
English translation of “Langer als ein Menschenleben in Missouri,” with some changes from the work published in 1877.
Hager, Archibald Little (c. 1814-c.1887), Diary, 1844-1887, (C0896)
0.4 linear feet
Photocopy of a diary kept by a farmer in a rural community in Perry County, Missouri. Diary records daily events such as births, marriages, and deaths, the weather, social occasions, and agricultural tasks. Gaps may exist in diary.
Harry S Truman Reservoir Architectural Survey, Records, 1975-1976, (C3758)
4.4 linear feet
Maps, site survey sheets, and photographs of vernacular architecture in Benton, Henry, Hickory and St. Clair counties. The images include barns, bridges, cabins, chicken coops, churches, corncribs, garages, granaries, houses, outhouses, post offices, root cellars, schools, sheds, silos, stores, wells, and windmills.
Heckman, William L., Jr., "Missouri River Stories," 1954, (C1117)
Stories concerning the Missouri River written by William L. "Steamboat Bill" Heckman.
Heckman, William L., Jr., (1869-1957) Scrapbooks, 1912-1946, (C1404)
Scrapbooks compiled by a steamboat pilot from Hermann, MO. Included in the volumes are clippings about steamboats, pilots, life on the river, family members, and local history; poems; a few letters and greeting cards; and photographs of family members, friends, and steamboats.
Hickman-Bryan Papers, 1796-1920, (C0045)
2.8 linear feet
This collection contains the papers of two families named Hickman, one of Boone County, Missouri, and the other of Alexandria, Louisiana. Related by marriage, the families had business dealings in slaves, agriculture, and livestock. The papers of the Bryan family, related to the Boone County Hickmans by marriage are also in this collection.
Hoffman, Harry C., Collection, n.d., (C3507)
The papers contain episodes in the lives of Frank James, William Quantrill, Jim Lane and the Younger Brothers as told by Hoffman, who knew them and defended some of their actions. Also includes the story of the painting, "Order No. 11."
Holbrook, Arthur E., "Seeing the Light," 1950, (C2135)
Account of photographing "The Light at Hornet" an unidentified light in Newton County, MO, August 11, 1950.
Horak, Ella Lilly, Collection, n.d., (C3183)
The collection contains copies of "Wash Day" a receipt for washing clothes given a young bride in Tennessee ca. 1780; and of a sale bill from Kentucky.
Howard, Guy, “Walkin´ Preacher of the Ozark Mountains,” 1940 (C0120)
0.2 linear feet
Original draft of autobiography of a rural preacher and teacher of southern Missouri. Describes family and social life of the hill people, rural churches and communities, and a transient camp near Branson, Missouri.
Hughes, Lena, Papers, 1951-1989, (C4114)
0.5 cubic feet, 4 audio cassettes
The papers of Lena Hughes contain newspaper clippings, photographs, awards, letters, and diaries documenting her life and experiences. The newspapers portray Lena and her husband Jake's accomplishments as fiddlers and preservers of old time music. Lena's diaries document the weather, gardening, financials, and personal events. There are a number of documents regarding Lena and Jake's participation in fiddling contests and organizations.
Hunter, Max F., Collection, 1953-1976, (C2518)
3.4 linear feet and 78 audio tapes
The collection contains audio tapes of Ozark folklore collected by Max F. Hunter, including fiddle tunes, jokes, sayings, songs, visits, and miscellaneous material. The collection also includes photocopies of lists, transcripts of songs, synopses, and indexes to the tapes.
Hunter, Max F., Papers, (CA5414)
1 linear foot
Twelve notebooks containing original indexes and handwritten transcriptions of collected folk songs and ballads. Indexed by performer and song title. See also collection 2518.
Hunter, Max F., Papers, (CA5089)
Correspondence, newspaper clippings, programs, articles, and photographs relating to folklorists Ernie Deane and Joan O'Bryant.
Hunter, Max, Papers, (CA5499)
1.1 linear feet
Addition of letters, photographs and other materials received by Max Hunter. Most of the letters are from Adolf and Rebecca Schroeder. Correspondence, clippings, and other material concerning the Ozark Folk Festival and Fiddle Contest, 1976-1989.
Hurt, Cora Kinney, "Steamboat Days on the Missouri, 1856-1882," n.d., (C1127)
The typescript contains anecdotes of steamboats on the Missouri River.
Huynh, Quang Nhuong (1936-2001), Papers, 1956-2000, (C3997)
4.4 linear feet
The papers of Huynh Quang Nhuong, a Vietnamese author who lived in Columbia, Missouri, consist mainly of Huynh’s writings and include drafts of plays, novels, short stories, poetry, and screenplays. The collection also includes photographs, newspaper clippings, book reviews, and correspondence with publishers, as well as fan letters from children regarding his book, The Land I Lost.
James, David A. (1937- ) Papers, 1790-2008, (C4126)
5 cubic feet
The research material of a hotel management instructor whose work resulted in the publication Historic Hotels of Missouri: Hotels, Inns, and Taverns of 19th Century Missouri.
Jayne, Mitchell F., Papers, (CA5637)
Audio recordings of author and musician, including OLD FISH HAWK and STORIES FROM HOME, volumes I and II. Also includes manuscript of "Hiram" and clippings about Jayne.
Jones, William F. (1823-1901), Papers, 1819-1928, (C0831)
Letters written primarily by William F. Jones from his home in Bloomingburg, Ohio, to cousins living in Montgomery County, Missouri. Jones describes the national political scene, elec-tion results, his family, local weather and crops, his Civil War experiences, and the Spanish-American War. The collection also includes the account book (1844-1928) of Wilson P.H. Jones. See also collection 995, #626. A brief genealogy of the Jones family follows this inventory.
Kargau, E.D., "St Louis in Former Years," 1893, (C1130)
The typescript contains a history of the St. Louis German community and was translated by William G. Bek.
Keyes, Willard, (1792-1861), Journal, 1817-1855, (C2748)
Travel to Wisconsin and Illinois from Newfane, Windham County, VT, 1817-1820; occupations and experiences on frontier; description of Indians, wilderness, logging operations on Mississippi and Black Rivers; travel from Quincy, IL, to New England by stage, boat, and train with itemized account of expenses, 1852.
Kingsbury, Lilburn A. (1884-1983), Collection, 1816-1983, (C3724)
9.2 linear feet; 16 oversize volumes, 6 card files
The personal papers and collected materials of Lilburn A. Kingsbury of Howard County, Missouri. Kingsbury was an insurance agent, farmer, orchardist, bank clerk, local historian, writer, genealogist, musician, and antique collector.
Konnyu, Leslie (1914-1992), Papers, (CA5235)
14 cubic feet, 1 oversize volume
Papers of a St. Louis literary and Hungarian leader. Includes correspondence, manuscripts and collected materials.
Konnyu, Leslie, Papers, (CA5269)
2.5 linear feet, 1 audio cassette, 3 video cassettes
Addition to papers of a Hungarian-American scholar and author. Includes articles and publications, correspondence, scrapbooks, photographs and other materials.
Kuemmel, Natalie Wagner (1840-1922), Notebook, 1861-1869, (C1140)
Jokes, daybook for 1861 and letter record book, 1863-1869.
Lance, Donald M. (1931-2002), Papers, 1938-2002, (C3992)
11.3 linear feet, 144 audio cassettes
The papers of a University of Missouri English professor, well-known for his lectures on the pronunciation of "Missouri" and other dialect research, contain extensive professional correspondence, research data, articles, presentations, teaching materials, and materials related to his work with professional organizations. Audio cassettes include interviews with Germans in Missouri and with decorated U.S. Army Special Forces veteran Byrl D. Taylor, Missouri folk musicians, and examples of English language dialects.
Lance, Donald M. (1931-2002), Papers, (CA6213)
21 linear feet, 25 audio tapes, 107 computer discs
Addition of correspondence, course materials, research files, surveys, computer data, audio recordings, and miscellaneous papers of a linguist and professor of English at the University of Missouri. Contains research on dialects and the pronunciation of "Missouri." See also C3992.
Lawless, Elaine, Folklore Collection, (CA4755)
3 linear feet
Student papers and related materials received by a University of Missouri-Columbia folklore professor.
Lawless, Elaine, Folklore Collection, (CA4858)
2 linear feet
Addition. Student papers, research materials and audio tapes pertaining to folklore research at the University of Missouri-Columbia.
Lawless, Elaine, Folklore Collection, (CA5022)
5 linear feet
Addition of student papers, research materials, and audio tapes pertaining to folklore research at the University of Missouri-Columbia.
Lawless, Elaine, Folklore Collection, (CA5219)
1.5 linear feet
Addition of class papers relating to folklore and women studies.
Lawless, Elaine, Folklore Collection, (CA5363)
2.8 linear feet, 73 audio cassettes
Addition of student papers in Folklore and Women's Studies Departments, 1990s-2000s.
Machir, John, Papers, 1791-1899, (C2893)
0.6 linear feet
The papers of John Machir, a businessman and landowner who lived in St. Louis and Columbia, Missouri, consist of the legal papers of his father, Henry Machir, business correspondence, slave bills of sale, deeds, tax bills, surveys, personal correspondence, and account books.
Marshall, Howard W., Collection, (CA5701)
Addition. Materials regarding Missouri fiddler, Pete McMahan. Includes music and interview excerpts which aired on KBIA radio, and an article by Marshall about McMahan, which appeared in NATIONAL OLD TIME FIDDLER.
Marshall, Howard Wight, Collection, (CA5161)
68 audio tapes
Reel to reel recordings of folk music from Missouri and the Ozark region.
Marshall, Howard Wight, Collection, (CA5524)
7.5 linear feet
Collection of student papers and course materials in fields of folk life, material culture, architecture and historic preservation. Includes photographs and one audio cassette.
Marshall, Howard Wight, Collection, (CA5594)
0.1 linear feet
Addition of sheet music of three Moberly, MO, musicians: Laura Bush Rucker, Thomas S. Fleming, and Elizabeth Hulen Owen.
Marshall, Howard Wight, Collection, (CA5721)
6.75 linear feet, 33 audio tapes, 8 CDs, 10 audio discs
Addition of folk and bluegrass music recordings, primarily 1960s and 1970s. Also includes student research papers and miscellaneous material.
Marshall, Howard, Collection, (CA5256)
Addition. Recording of KOPN radio show of 11 January 1993 in memory of fiddler Art Galbraith; Galbraith obituaries.
Martin, Maude Williams (1879-1953), Papers, 1896-1989, (C3909)
3 linear feet
The papers of Maude Williams Martin, a collector of Missouri folk songs and ballads, and a writer of short stories and poetry, include correspondence, school lecture notes and papers, poems, short stories, essays, travel material; and her husband Charles F. Martin's school lecture notes and papers. Also included is material regarding the Missouri Folk-Lore Society; an article by Susan L. Pentlin about Mrs. Martin; a published book of Martin's poems entitled, Selected Poems; other publications associated with poetry; and works by her father James Williams, her son Frank E. Martin, and her husband.
McCrory, Knox, Collection, (CA6244)
0.4 linear feet, 10 audio cassettes, 9 audio discs, 36 CDs
Fiddle recordings, songbooks, and other materials of a harmonica player and music collector from Columbia, Missouri.
McDonald, Archibald J., Papers, 1878-1894, (C0376)
Letter of recommendation, teaching certificate, recipe for pickled pork, and commission as probate judge.
McMahan, Pete, Collection, (CA5026)
Four long-play recordings of folk music and fiddle music entitled MISSOURI FIDDLIN', nos. 1-4.
McRoberts Family, Papers, 1851-1892, (C0377)
Correspondence from Kansas City to Monticello, MO, concerning the state legislature. Account book, 1851-1874, Lewis County, MO, Board of Education record book, 1866-1870. Book of sermons and home medicines. U.S. INFANTRY & RIFLE TACTICS BOOK, 1861.
Missouri Folklore Society Papers, Records, 1906-1931, 1971-2017, (C2045)
14.4 cubic feet (649 folders), 306 jpgs, 357 audio cassettes, 10 audio tapes, 3 audio discs, 32 video cassettes, 4 DVDs, 1 reel 16 mm film
The records of the Missouri Folklore Society include scattered early materials such as constitutions, programs, and publications. The bulk of the collection consists of organizational materials beginning in 1977 when the Society was reactivated, including correspondence, meeting minutes, publications, photographs, audio and audiovisual materials, clippings, membership lists, and annual meeting materials.
Missouri Legacy Radio Program, Records, (CA6268)
0.2 cubic foot, 50 audio cassettes, 16 audio tapes
Audio recordings and related material of a 1980s radio program featuring "profiles of traditional artists representing the diverse cultural heritage of Missouri." The series was produced by Susan Newstead and KOPN-FM, with support of the Missouri Cultural Heritage Center.
Missouri Origins Project Collection, 1980-1985, n.d., (C3852)
85 video cassettes, 0.2 linear feet
Audiovisual material on Missouri folk music. The project was supported by grants from the Missouri Arts Council and the University of Missouri-Columbia Development Fund. The video cassettes were produced by the Academic Support Center in cooperation with the Department of Germanic and Slavic Studies.
Missouri Place Name Survey Papers, (CA4267)
1 linear feet
Correspondence and printed material of a group researching the origin of place names, 1974-1979.
Missouri Place Names Study, 1927-1928 (C3459)
0.6 linear feet
Correspondence, term papers, and information collected by graduate students at the University of Missouri during a study of the origin and history of place names in forty-two Missouri counties.
Missouri River Folk History Project, Records, (CA6109)
0.2 linear feet, 37 DVDs
Oral history interviews of Missourians who have lived and worked along the Missouri River. Meredith Ludwig conducted the interviews.
Missouri State Old Time Fiddlers Association, Collection, 1827-, (C3715)
A collection of field, commercial, and private label recordings, interviews, newsletters, brochures, broadsides, music, video cassettes, and correspondence of the association. Materials are added periodically, filed and indexed in the order they are received.
Missouri State Old Time Fiddlers Association, Collection, (CA6409)
0.1 cubic feet, 1 computer disc
Addition of photographs taken at the 1996 fiddle camp and contest in Bethel, Missouri. Includes negatives, contact sheets, and digital scans on a computer disc.
Neihardt, John G. (1881-1973), Papers, c. 1858-1974, (C3716)
9.4 linear feet, 41 video cassettes [22 DVDs- use copies], 57 audio cassettes, 3 compact discs, three audio discs; also available on 18 rolls of microfilm
Correspondence, manuscripts, photographs, newsclippings, audio and video cassettes, and miscellaneous material of a poet. Neihardt was most famous for his epic, A Cycle of the West, and Black Elk Speaks. He was poet laureate of Nebraska, literary editor of the St. Louis Post-Dispatch from 1926 to 1938, and instructor at the University of Missouri from 1949 to 1965.
Now That's A Good Tune: Masters of Traditional Missouri Fiddling, 1989, (C3810)
2 audio discs
Two recordings of traditional fiddle tunes played by thirteen musicians from Missouri. Accompanying illustrated booklet includes introduction to traditional violin playing in Missouri, biographies of the musicians, annotations of the tunes, bibliography, and discography. The project was produced by the Missouri Cultural Heritage Center at the University of Missouri-Columbia.
Pigott, H. H., Scrapbooks, n.d., (C2476)
The papers contain scrapbooks of newspaper clippings from the 1880s: poems, jokes, stories, and truisms. Vol. 1 is a ledger from a Boonville general store, of which about 25 pages are free of clippings. Vol. 2 seems to be a lawyer's notes on land transferals in the 1860s, mostly without clippings.
Pittman, Ann (1908-), Missouri Folklore Project, 1997, (S0598)
7 Folders, 11 Tapes
Oral history project documenting the life of Ann Washington Pittman, African American song folklorist and singer.
Pompey, Sherman Lee, "New Versions & Variations of the Ballad of Barbara Allen Discovered 1959-1961", (CA5318)
0.1 linear feet
A typescript copy of the ballad versions and introductory notes compiled by Pompey.
Pompey, Sherman Lee, Collection, n.d., (C3493)
The papers contain articles by Pompey on Ozark people, their religions and folk music. Lines and verses of songs are included.
Ramsay Place Names File 1928-1945, (C2366)
12 cubic feet
Card file of origins of Missouri place names, compiled by students of Robert L. Ramsay, University of Missouri professor of English.
Ramsay, Robert L. (1880-1953), Papers, 1918-1953, (C3230)
2.5 linear feet
The Robert Ramsay Papers includes correspondence, 1918-1953; notes, rough drafts, revisions, and proof sheets for the Place Name series, with emphasis upon the Missouri Place Names; newspaper clippings about Ramsay and newspaper clippings of the Place Name articles. Small volumes of notes and a variety of prints pertaining to his academic classes are included as well as sample themes and bibliographies submitted by his students.
Randolph, Vance (1892-1980), Ozark Folksongs, Collection, 1919-1957, (C3774)
3.1 linear feet
The Ozark Folksongs Collection contains the original typescript of the four volume work as published by the State Historical Society of Missouri between 1946 and 1950. The manu-script was purchased for $1000 and prepared for publication by Frances Guthrie Emberson apparently in consultation with, or at least with encouragement from, Henry M. Belden, professor of English at the University of Missouri and founder of the Missouri Folk-Lore Society. Photographs from the book are included, as is a typescript of Chapter XIV, "Unprint-able Songs" which was left out of the four volume work. In addition, there are two volumes entitled "'Unprintable' Songs From the Ozarks" sold to the Society in 1956 for $50. These "unprintable" songs appear to be copies of those for which Randolph sold publication rights to Gershon Legman.
Randolph, Vance, Letter, 1934, (C2049)
To Warren Douglas Meng, Jefferson City, MO, from Pittsburgh, KS, Oct. 16, 1934. Answer to letter from Meng concerning crime songs sung by Negroes in a Missouri penitentiary.
Reed, Lyle, Collection, (CA6340)
1 cubic foot
Rare fiddle books, magazines, and other items related to the history of fiddle music collected by Lyle Reed and his wife, Marjorie Reed.
Reppy-Frissell-Drake Family, Papers, 1860-1930 (C0155)
0.1 linear feet
Personal correspondence of a DeSoto, Missouri, family concerning the Civil War, relatives in the East, and family news. Additional family papers are available at the Missouri Historical Museum in St. Louis.
Roberts, John W., Folklore Collection, (CA4756)
11 linear feet
Student papers and related materials received by a former University of Missouri-Columbia folklore professor.
Saint Davids Welsh Society of Greater Kansas City Records, 1966-2015, (K1201)
2 cubic foot
Organizational records including minutes, newsletters, memorabilia, rosters, photographs and two bound volumes. Also files for the 61st Annual Welsh National Gymanfa Ganu, held in Kansas City, MO.
Schrader-Holtschneider Papers, 1868-1959, (C3773)
0.8 linear feet
The collection contains papers of the Schrader and Holtschneider families of Rich Fountain, Osage County, MO. They were farmers, merchants, postmasters, and county judges. Papers include correspondence, business and legal papers, post office records, and school district records.
Schroeder, Adolf E. and Rebecca, Collection, (CA4925)
1 cubic foot, 3 audio discs, 3 video cassettes
Addition of material on folklore includes audio and video recordings, brochures, booklets, books, and correspondence.
Schroeder, Adolf E. and Rebecca, Collection, (CA4979)
0.3 linear feet
Addition. Correspondence with Charles van Ravenswaay, 1973-1990.
Schroeder, Adolf E. and Rebecca, Collection, (CA5033)
0.4 linear feet
INVENTORY. Addition to folklore collection including one reel-to-reel tape and three video cassettes.
Schroeder, Adolf E. and Rebecca, Collection, (CA5063)
Addition of two videocassettes entitled "Treehouse; an Ozark Story," and "Lennis Leonard Broadfoot, an Ozark Artist."
Schroeder, Adolf E. and Rebecca, Collection, (CA5183)
2 linear feet, 2 rolls of microfilm
Addition of various folklore and folk music newsletters, materials about the Missouri Cultural Heritage Center and the Traditional Arts Apprenticeship Program. Includes documents in German about Johann Wilhelm Bock, a German-American immigrant.
Schroeder, Adolf E. and Rebecca, Collection, (CA5227)
6 video cassettes, 1 audio cassette
Addition of audio and visual materials relating to folklore, folk music and ethnic groups in Missouri.
Schroeder, Adolf E. and Rebecca, Collection, (CA5410)
0.1 linear feet, 1 audio tape, 22 audio cassettes
Addition of oral interviews, musical recordings, interview transcriptions, and interview notes relating to Old Mines and the French in Missouri.
Schroeder, Adolf E. and Rebecca, Collection, (CA5490)
0.3 cubic feet
Addition of materials primarily relating to author Ward Dorrance, educator Rosemary Thomas, and the subject of French-Americans in Missouri. Includes correspondence, photographs and research materials.
Schroeder, Adolf E. and Rebecca, Collection, (CA5610)
0.8 linear feet
Addition of manuscripts, photographs, correspondence, publicity files, and other documents relating to the Missouri Heritage Readers Series, edited by Rebecca Schroeder.
Schroeder, Adolf E. and Rebecca, Collection, (CA5648)
118 cubic feet, A/V material
Addition of recorded folk music and conferences including commercial and non-commercial; accompanying booklets; and slides. Recordings of American and European folk music; subject files, correspondence, publications, photographs, slides, and research material, including material concerning the Missouri Heritage Readers Series.
Schroeder, Adolf E. (1916- ) and Rebecca B. (1921- ), Folk Song and Folklore Collection, 1957-1987, (C3826)
0.2 linear feet, 184 audio cassettes, 2 records, 23 audio tapes, 2 video cassettes
Recordings and related material of Missouri and Ozark folk musicians and folklorists; primarily Max Hunter, Loman Cansler, and R.P. Christeson. The recordings include songs and discussions on many aspects of folk song collecting and folklore.
Schroeder, Adolf E., Papers, (CA5472)
1.3 linear feet
Addition of various foreign language association newsletters, correspondence and other records relating to foreign language associations, materials relating to ethnic group research near Cape Girardeau, and materials relating to Otto Dingeldein, a silversmith.
Schroeder, Adolf E., Papers, (CA4798)
0.8 linear feet
Addition to papers which include materials on the Missouri Committee for the Humanities and various historical projects.
Schroeder, Adolf E., Papers, (CA4795)
1 linear foot
Addition to papers of a former chairman of the UMC Department of Germanic and Slavic studies.
Schweighauser, Art A. (1908-1990), Collection, 1713-1945 (C3762)
0.25 cubic feet
The collection contains items from the Bezold family of Montgomery and Gasconade counties in Missouri. There are many school-related items from 1879-1917. Also included are sermons in German by Reverend Niedhammer and a family history of John Jacob Meunzenmayer, who lived in Franklin County.
Scott, Elvira Ascenith Weir (1821-1910), Diary, 1860-1887, (C1053)
0.2 linear feet
Typescript photocopy of diary of a woman from Miami, Missouri, including descriptive observations on the themes of home, family, and religion, as well as the impact of the Civil War on life in her own community and region.
Sheppard Family, Papers, 1844-1887 (C0429)
6 folders, typed copies; also on 1 roll of microfilm
Miscellaneous letters from Philadelphia; Tennessee; Cincinnati; Springfield and St. Louis, Missouri; and England. A letter from Paris, TN, describes local preaching techniques. Originals on microfilm; typed copies in folders.
Shouse, Thomas Riley, "My Father Planned the James Boys' Capture," 1959, (C2122)
The papers contain a copy of an article in the Frontier Times, Summer 1959, detailing John W. Shouse's plans to capture the James brothers.
Sinclair, Belle C., Letter, 1890, (C0563)
To Allie Minter, LaBelle, MO, from Avinston, Ont., Feb. 5, 1890. Gives an account of a Scotch wedding.
Slavic Folk Music Collection, ca. 1970s, (K1194)
Includes a project outline entitled "An Oral History of Slavic Cultures in Kansas City, Kansas and Sugar Creek, Missouri," and programs and books relating to Slavic folk music.
Smith, Thomas Adams (1781-1844), Papers, 1798-1864, (C1029)
1 linear foot on 2 rolls of microfilm
Correspondence, letterbooks, and official papers of Brigadier General Thomas Adams Smith, a professional soldier who served in Florida during the War of 1812 and on the Canadian front protecting civilians.
Songs From An Ozarks Childhood, Music Manuscript (1924 – 1942), (SP0003)
2 folders (.25 cubic feet) 1 audio tape
The papers consist of the lyrics of Ozarks folk songs, as well as an audio recording of Sybil Irene Shipley Jobe (1924-2008) singing the songs.
St. Francois Agricultural and Mechanical Association, Booklet, 1891, (R1273)
This is a booklet containing the program, premium list, and regulations of the twentieth annual fair of the St. Francois County Agricultural and Mechanical Association, held 8-11 September 1891 at Farmington, Missouri.
St. Gem, Gustavus, Papers, 1901-1904, (C1642)
The papers of Gustavus St. Gem contain speeches, essays, and songs about the St. Gem family, Ste. Genevieve, MO, and the Louisiana Territory. Subjects include settlement of Missouri, Kaskaskia, IL, Louisiana Purchase, pioneer conditions, and holiday celebrations.
State Historical Society of Missouri, Audio Cassette Collection, 1976-2000, (C3963)
0.3 linear feet, 34 audio cassettes
The State Historical Society of Missouri Audio Cassette Collection is a collection of miscellaneous interviews, lectures, and speeches collected over the years.
State Historical Society of Missouri, Typescript Collection, (C0995)
774 items on 14 rolls of microfilm
The State Historical Society of Missouri Typescript Collection consists of typescripts of articles and manuscripts donated over the years to the Historical Society.
Steichen, Clara Smith, "An Ozark Childhood," n.d., (C3819)
1 folder, typescript
Autobiographical writings covering author's childhood in the Ozark region of Missouri. The work delves into the Civil War, family life, and the regions idiosyncrasies such as "feuding."
Stevens Family, Papers, (CA6114)
0.25 linear feet, 1 CD
Collection contains audio recordings of songs, stories, and poems compiled by storyteller Benjamin Stevens of Russellville, Missouri. Also includes photographs and a Master's thesis based on Stevens' work written by his daughter Marilewan Mahan in 1946 at Louisiana State University.
Stevens, Walter Barlow (1848-1939), Scrapbooks, n.d., (C1424)
Newspaper clippings collected by Walter B. Stevens, St. Louis Globe Democrat reporter and Washington correspondent. Articles include the Washington letters written by Stevens; reports from throughout the U.S., Canada, Mexico, and Cuba; and articles on journalism and the Civil War.
Stevens, Walter Barlow (1848-1939), Scrapbooks, (CA2541)
Scrapbooks of a St. Louis Globe Democrat Washington correspondent containing clippings, some correspondence, photographs, drawings, and miscellany.
Stratton, Pauline H., (1814-1887), Diary, 1846-1870, (C0842)
The collection contains a diary of Mrs. Stratton's life in Virginia and Missouri. She writes of spinning, weaving, soap making, rearing her children, trouble with black servants, the Civil War, and business difficulties after her husband’s death. Also included is a letter written by her to her husband in 1841 before their marriage.
Sutter, Rosa Schaefer (1850-1920), Diaries, 1875-1920, (C0843)
The collection contains a series of diaries written by a housewife near Billings, Missouri, about home activities and family affairs; notes kept on correspondence from 1885 to 1920; and recipe book giving recipes for cakes and pies, and remedies for illnesses and rheumatism.
Swain, Warren, Papers, 1820-1842 (C0173)
Diary mentions weather, plantation, sugar, corn, Negroes; high Mississippi River, 1821; Andrew Jackson's arrival in New Orleans on April 24, 1821; the 33-day sail from New Orleans to Boston; sickness of 1825. Two letters by Freegrace Raynolds discussing religious feelings; questions about Clarksville, Missouri; comments on slavery, 1837; and loss of bank money, 1842.
Swigert, Al, Collection, (CA5135)
5 audio cassettes
Fiddle music and folk tunes played and recorded by Swigert.
Tamony, Peter (1902-1985), Collection, 1890-1985, (C3939)
877.6 linear feet
Correspondence, articles, research files, personal papers, audio tapes, and word files of a noted etymologist and neologist of San Francisco. The collection primarily relates to the study of American colloquial language and neologisms but also includes rare jazz journals and materials on sports.
Teague, Howe, Collection, (CA5113)
3 audio discs, 1 audio cassette
Recordings of fiddle music by Teague.
Thaxton, Harry E., Letter, 1961, (C0962)
To Lewis Atherton, Columbia, MO. Recollections of lumbering activities in the Doniphan, MO, area.
Thorp, James T., (1888-1956), Scrapbooks, 1840-1955, (C1429)
1.5 linear feet
Materials collected and organized by Thorp as histories of the Missouri River, steamboats, and Miami, Missouri. Includes photographs, newspaper clippings, bills, receipts, excerpts from the Miami Weekly News, and miscellaneous items.
Trent, Fred, Collection, (CA5060)
1 folder, 48 audio cassettes
Recordings of Missouri area fiddlers. Includes programs, promotional materials, newspaper clippings, and articles.
Trent, Fred, Collection, (CA5083)
11 audio cassettes
Addition of recordings of Missouri area fiddlers.
Trent, Fred, Collection, (CA5381)
A recording of fiddle and guitar music performed by Lorenzo and David Copeland of Ottumwa, IA.
Turnbo, S. C., (1844-1925), Clippings, 1899-1907, (C0821)
The collection contains clippings of articles written by S.C. Turnbo of southern Missouri. They give accounts of hunting wild animals, such as panthers, bears, and wolves, in the Ozarks of Missouri and Arkansas, also a bit about pioneer life.
U.S. Work Projects Administration, Historical Records Survey, Missouri, 1935-1942, (C3551)
302 linear feet; also available on 817 rolls of microfilm
Correspondence, records, and working files. Originally designed to survey and inventory all county government records, the survey finally included inventories of church records, manuscript collections, vital statistics, American imprints, and federal archives. Incorporates records of the Federal Writers Project for Missouri.
University of Missouri, Department of Agricultural Economics, Records, 1906-1966, (C0010)
26 linear feet
The records of departments of farm management (1910-1919), rural life (1919-1926), and agricultural economics (1926-1966), chaired by D. Howard Doane and O.R. Johnson.
University of Missouri-Columbia, Missouri Cultural Heritage Center, Records, 1978-1992 (C4053)
15 linear feet, 40 audio cassettes, 3 video cassettes, 72 audio tapes
The records contain the correspondence, grants, working files, and research materials supporting projects and publications of the Missouri Cultural Heritage Center.
University of Missouri-Columbia, Missouri Folk Arts Program, Records, 1982-2012, (C4035)
32 cubic feet, (1000 folders), 2132 audio cassettes, 65 audio tapes, 32 video cassettes, 3 volumes
The records of a black college student organization, consisting of conference material, newsletters, guides, pamphlets, newspaper articles, applications, election ballots, questionnaires, flyers, notes and artifacts.
Upton, Lucile Morris (1898-1992), Papers, 1855-1986, (C3869)
1 linear foot; 25 rolls of microfilm; 1 video cassette
The personal and professional papers of a Springfield, Missouri, journalist and writer consisting of newspaper clippings, correspondence, research notes, manuscripts, pamphlets, photographs and scrapbooks. The papers are especially strong in the history of Springfield and the Ozarks region, and in Ozark folklore.
Van Ravenswaay, Charles (1911-1990), Collection, 1820-1971, (C2668)
1.2 linear feet
Material relating to the Trigg family of Boonville, MO; the papers of Harvey Bunce, Cooper County civic leader and vice-president of the Tebo and Neosho Railroad; and Charles Van Ravenswaay's correspondence and research notes on various families, institutions, historic sites and events in Cooper and Howard Counties, and miscellaneous material related primarily to Boonville, MO.
van Ravenswaay, Charles (1911-1990), Papers, 1841-1990, (C3873)
21.8 linear feet, 1 audio cassette
Correspondence, research notes, photographs, and literary manuscripts of historian and author Charles van Ravenswaay, former director of the Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis; Old Sturbridge Village, Sturbridge, Massachusetts; and the Henry Francis du Pont Winterthur Museum and Gardens, Wilmington, Delaware.
Vanarsdale, Susan D. (1824-1856), Diary, 1847-1855, (C1283)
Written in Mexico, MO, and various locations in Illinois and Indiana about family and personal affairs; local people; religious activities; and her own writing efforts, some of which she sold to newspapers. No information is available about the location of the original of the diary.
Wampler, Homer, Jr., Collection, (CA5494)
2 linear feet, 34 audio tapes
Copies of folk music and ballads collected by Max Hunter and lyric transcriptions by Wampler.
Warren County Schuetzen Company No. 1 Warren County, Missouri, Records, 1893-1950, (C3647)
1 reel (1 folder, 5 volumes)
Minutes, treasurer's reports and account books of a German social club established in Warren County in 1856. Books contain membership lists and records of the Schuetzenfest sponsored annually since the club was founded.
"Women of Old-Time Music," Video Cassette, (CA6004)
1 video cassette
Video documenting women's role in development of folk music in the Missouri Ozarks. Includes performances and interviews with musicians.
Woods-Holman Family Papers, 1805-1906, (C0191)
0.25 linear feet
Letters, documents, notebooks, accounts, and receipts of two southeast Missouri families. Papers concern family news, business, farming, livestock, religion, teaching, Indians, fur trade, economics, politics, Gold Rush, and Civil War and descriptions of California, Iowa, Kansas, and Texas.