New Madrid (pronounced MAD-rid) County traces its roots to the New Madrid district of Spanish and French colonial times. It was established as a county in 1812, during Missouri's territorial period. Named after Madrid, the capital of Spain, the county seat is also New Madrid. The collections listed below deal in some manner with New Madrid County. This list is not comprehensive, so be sure to browse collection descriptions by subject.
*Collections marked with DIGITIZED MATERIALS have additional digitized items available.
Agriculture Stabilization and Conservation Service Aerial Photographs, (P0335)
107.5 linear feet
Missouri county aerial photographs produced by the Agriculture Stabilization and Conservation Service.
American Legion Gideon-New Madrid Post No. 324, Cotton Festival Program, 1967, (R0705)
This is a program booklet for the "21st Annual Cotton Festival and Homecoming," sponsored by Gideon-New Madrid American Legion Post No. 324 and its Auxiliary, held at Gideon in New Madrid County, Missouri, 1-3 September 1967.
American Revolution Bicentennial, Missouri Committee for Agriculture, Papers, 1974-1976 (C4276)
1.2 cubic feet (42 folders), 1 audio tape
The papers of the committee contain correspondence, newsletters, reports, updates, events awards programs, lists of elected members, historical information on "Centennial Farms," and "Liberty Trees," meeting minutes, announcements, newspaper clippings, and audio-visual material for a slide presentation entitled "The Spirit of 76."
American Revolution Bicentennial Commission of Missouri, Papers, 1973-1977, (C4259)
0.4 cubic feet (19 folders)
The papers contain letters, notes, scrapbooks, programs, events and some photographs which focused on the American Bicentennial, which was celebrated by a number of Missouri counties in 1976.
Audibert Family, Audibert and Tickell Families, Papers, 1816-1932, (R0473)
3 folders, photocopies
This collection contains papers of the Audibert and Tickell families of New Madrid, Missouri. Included are miscellaneous papers, 1816-1932, the store ledger of Aime Audibert, 1850-1860, and shipping receipts of M. J. Tickell and Son, 1872-1880.
Baker, Kenzie Kenneth, Scrapbooks, 1882-1934, (C1380)
The papers contain scrapbooks of newspaper clippings on the early history of New Madrid; biographical sketches of the first settlers and their descendants; and historical events, including an account of the earthquake of 1811-1812 and descriptions of Bakers archaeological discoveries.
Baker, Thomas Frazier, III (1918- ), Papers, 1959-1967, (C2465)
716 folders, 8 volumes, 8.4 cubic feet
Papers of a state representative from Stoddard County, 1961-1967. Campaign correspondence and publicity, correspondence with constituents in regard to legislation and welfare assistance, political correspondence on such matters as gubernatorial succession, reapportionment, conflict of interest legislation, and ouster of House Speaker Graham.
Baynes, Richard F., Papers, 1938-1940, (C4192)
0.2 cubic feet
The papers of a New Madrid, Missouri, attorney who worked for Democratic Party candidates for the governor’s office. The papers consist of correspondence, a list of judges, and notarized affidavits regarding voting procedures, violation of rights, and corruption.
Bird Family, Papers, 1831-1959, (R0170)
5 folders, photocopies
This collection includes miscellaneous correspondence, estate papers, land papers, business records, and biographical material pertaining to the Bird, Byrd, Moore, and Hunter families of southeastern Missouri. The papers concern business and estates in Mississippi, New Madrid, and Scott counties in Missouri, and the Bird estate in Baton Rouge, Louisiana.
Bootheel Project, Records, 1993-1997, (C3928)
3.2 linear feet, 161 audio cassettes, 9 records, 2 video cassettes
The records of the Bootheel Project document the art, culture and heritage of the Missouri Bootheel. The records include photographs, color slides, audio cassettes, transcripts, and video cassettes of interviews with Bootheel residents. Sound recordings, planning documents, field workers' notes, and miscellaneous items collected throughout the project are also included.
Caverno, Xenophon (1865-1941), Papers, 1917-1941 (C0059)
1.4 linear feet
Personal correspondence and information about cotton organizations, farm organizations, and transactions concerning his plantation and plantation store. General expenses of the plantation, purchase of cotton seed, and records of accounts.
Community Woman's Club of Gideon, Records, 1929-1990, (R0477)
These are record books and scrapbooks of the Community Woman's Club of Gideon in New Madrid County, Missouri. The record books contain minutes of meetings, membership rosters, and treasurer's records, 1929-1975. The scrapbooks include printed material, photographs, and miscellaneous items concerning the club's activities, 1940-1990.
Coombs, Kenneth E., Papers, (CA5865)
5 linear feet
Project files of a Kansas City architect related to historic restoration projects in Missouri. Includes correspondence, photographs, survey material, planning documents, financial records, and architectural drawings, 1960s-1970s.
Dial, Marshall, Oral History Collection, (CA6033)
275 audio cassettes, 44 CDs
Collection of interviews between Marshall Dial and various residents of the Bootheel for Dial's radio show, "Stories They Tell."
Eldred, Wellington, Letters, 1862, (R0532)
1 folder, photocopies, typescripts
These are letters describing the campaign against New Madrid and Island No. 10, written by a Union cavalryman in the 3rd Michigan Cavalry. Eldred described the damage to the town of New Madrid and operations against Island No. 10, and reported shortages of rations and an outbreak of smallpox in camp.
Ellis Family, Papers, 1787-1948, (R0251)
10 folders, photocopies, 1 roll of mircofilm
This collection includes correspondence, business records, and legal papers, and genealogical information pertaining to two early families of Cape Girardeau County, Missouri. The Ellis family came from Georgia about 1805; the Ranneys from Indiana about 1825. Other names represented in the collection are Beckham, Cobb, Giboney, Ogle, Waters, and Wathen (Warthen-Worthan).
Franklin, John Eddy, Papers, 1946-1954, (C0319)
Recollections of life in southeast Missouri and Franklin's part in bank, land, and railroad development during the 1880s and 1890s. Poem and article by Alice Franklin Bryant; The Land of Corn, about Franklin's southeast Missouri plantation, by J.E. Wood; 2 letters; and newspaper clippings.
French and Spanish Archives, 1763-1841, (C2965)
23 rolls of microfilm
The French and Spanish Archives is a collection of documents from the St. Louis area dating primarily from the colonial and territorial periods.
Gideon, Missouri, Common School District, Building Dedication Program, 1937, (R0706)
This is the program for the "Dedication of the Junior-Senior High School Building, Gideon, Missouri," dated 17 September 1937.
Gideon-Anderson Lumber & Mercantile Co., Papers, 1901-1938, (R0290)
This collection consists of correspondence and business papers of the Gideon-Anderson Lumber & Mercantile Company concerning the lumber trade in southeastern Missouri and northeastern Arkansas. Based in Gideon, Missouri, the company operated primarily in Dunklin, New Madrid, and Pemiscot counties in Missouri. The collection includes papers from two subsidiary operations, the Gideon Cooperage Company and the Gideon & North Island Railroad Company.
Gideon-Anderson Lumber & Mercantile Company, Papers, 1901-1985, (R0449)
This is an addition to the business records of the Gideon-Anderson Lumber & Mercantile Company (see also R0290), which operated at Gideon in New Madrid County, Missouri. Most of the papers concern operations in 1901-1919, but there are also papers of a subsidiary operation, the Gideon and North Island Railroad Company, 1903-1932, and historical materials on the firm to 1985.
Gideon Johnson Pillow Letters, (K0231)
.03 cubic feet
The papers contain correspondence from Confederate Brigadier General Pillow, to Major General Leonidas Polk, CSA, as well as a note from A.B. Gray, Captain CSA, a report from Captain Rich. P. J. Pe[r]son, Co. B 21st TV at Camp Polk, Columbus, Kentucky, and a small photograph of General Gideon Pillow.
Guitar, Sarah (1892-1963), Collection, n.d., (C3391)
1.5 cubic feet, 5 card boxes
Card file compiled by Sarah Guitar, reference librarian of the State Historical Society of Missouri, as a guide to county boundaries of Missouri, 1812-1929; Missouri congressional district boundaries, 1845-1933; Missouri senatorial districts, 1820-1931; and Missouri judicial circuits, 1815-1915.
Harber, Warren G. (1922- ), Papers, 1942-2012, (CG0009)
0.2 cubic feet (4 folders)
The papers of Warren G. Harber contain 121 black and white photographs and four color photographs. The majority of the photographs span from 1942 to 1946 and represent the donor's military service during World War II, with many of them taken while stationed in Italy. The color prints, dated from 1992 to 2012, are more current images of Harber and his wife.
Himmelberger-Harrison Land Selling Company, Letters, 1915-1920, (R0893)
These are typescript copies of letters dated 27 November 1915 and 27 May 1920 from John H. Friant, President of the Himmelberger-Harrison Land Selling Company at Cape Girardeau in Cape Girardeau County, Missouri, to the Himmelberger-Harrison Lumber Company in Cape Girardeau and A. W. Wilkey at Risco in New Madrid County, Missouri.
Houts & Stallcup, Journal, 1816-1817, (R1128)
1 folder, photocopies
This is a journal or daybook of a mercantile operation at the village of Winchester in what was then New Madrid County (now Scott County), Missouri. The proprietors were Christopher G. Houts and Mark Hardin Stallcup. Entries begin on 13 December 1816 and continue through 27 December 1817.
Howard Family, Papers, 1859-1975, (R1375)
.25 cubic feet (3 folders)
The Howard Family Papers contain documents from several generations of the Howard family. The Howards were a prominent family from New Madrid County in the 19th century. Many of the documents in the collection relate to their involvement on the Confederate side of the Civil War. The papers include a deed for a slave, letters written during the Civil War, receipts from the Missouri State Guard, and essays and newspaper clippings about family members.
Hunter, Abraham, Papers, 1804-1865, (C1849)
The papers of Abraham Hunter contain miscellaneous appointments and commissions.
Hunter, Stephen B., "Boundary Line Between Cape Girardeau Co. & New Madrid Co., 1800 to 1813," n.d., (C2173)
The collection contains a history of changes in the counties' boundary line.
Ivie, W. J., A Message To The Homeseeker, Booklet, 1939, (R0679)
1 booklet, photocopies
This is a booklet published to promote economic development in southeastern Missouri. Sections are devoted to the communities of Sikeston, Charleston, Dexter, Malden, East Prairie, and New Madrid.
James, David A. (1937- ) Papers, 1790-2008, (C4126)
5 cubic feet
The research material of a hotel management instructor whose work resulted in the publication Historic Hotels of Missouri: Hotels, Inns, and Taverns of 19th Century Missouri.
Kelley, Max L., Historical Essays on Southeast Missouri, n.d., (C0779)
Five articles including "The Heel of Missouri," "Consolidated School District Number 8," "Louis Houck, the Father of Southeast Missouri," "The Execution of Tewanya," and "The Awakening of the Big Swamp."
Konenszewski Family, Papers, 1816-1862, (R0208)
2 folders, photocopies
These are baptismal and educational certificates, medical records, and immigration papers of Johann Konenszewski and his sons, Ladislaus and Edmund. There is also a Civil War letter by Lieut. Edmund Konenszewski, November 1861, and a diary by Maj. Ladislaus Konenszewski, February—July 1862. Both men served in the 26th Missouri Infantry in Gen. John Pope's Army of the Mississippi.
Laramore, Edmond, collector, Baptist Associations Minutes, 1912-1980, (R0394)
This collection consists largely of printed minutes of annual meetings of United or Missionary Baptist associations in southern Missouri. The minutes include the records of annual sessions, committee reports, and statistical information on the associations and their constituent churches. Also included are a few miscellaneous Baptist publications.
Lee, Richard L. (1925-2011), County Courthouse Photographs, ca. 1955, (P0003)
The collection includes photographs of county courthouses for the state of Missouri, taken in the mid-twentieth century by Richard L. Lee.
Lesieur Family, Papers, 1795-1866, (C3449)
The papers of the Lesieur family contain copies of promissory notes, receipts, accounts, letters, indentures, and miscellaneous papers concerned primarily with Godfrey Lesieur, but also with other members of the family. They migrated to the New Madrid District from Canada in 1785.
Little River Valley Land Company, Booklet, ca. 1908, (R0946)
1 folder, photocopies
This is a promotional booklet for the Little River Valley Land Company, which marketed land made available by the drainage of the swamps in southeastern Missouri. A. L. Harty served as president and W. F. Smith served as secretary of the firm, which was based at Cape Girardeau in Cape Girardeau County, Missouri.
Mark Twain National Forest, Local History Collection, 1930s-1980s, (R0471)
This collection was selected from unofficial files on miscellaneous historical topics, including local histories, the CCC, the YCC, the "Irish Wilderness," and the Eleven Point River. There are transcriptions of interviews with "old-timers" and Forest Service retirees.
McMullin, Leonard (1890-1948), Papers, 1927, 1947-1968, (C2095)
Photocopies of newspaper clippings about and photographs of McMullin, first licensed pilot in Missouri. McMullin was born and lived in Sikeston his entire life. He owned a plane and was often a stunt pilot. Also included are articles on early aviation in Missouri.
Millar Family, Papers, 1840-1899, (R0162)
2 folders, photocopies
These are miscellaneous papers of the Millar family of Mississippi County, Missouri. The collection includes a diary of a trip from Scioto County, Ohio, to Mississippi County in 1840, land and tax papers, slave papers, and receipts issued by the Missouri State Guard at New Madrid during the Civil War.
Missouri Extension Homemakers Association, Inc., "Sacred Stones and Stained Glass Windows," Project, 1977-1980, (C3723)
7.1 cubic feet
Statewide documentation of local churches by county. Includes cultural arts reports, church histories, floor plans, architectural details, clippings, slides, photographs, and miscellany.
Mitchell, Ewing Young, Jr. (1873-1954), Papers, 1840-1949 (C1041)
0.4 linear feet
Papers of a Springfield, Missouri, lawyer active in Democratic Party politics, who served as assistant secretary of commerce in Franklin Roosevelt's first administration. Material concerns family affairs, law practice with emphasis on county indebtedness, Ozark land speculation, and Democratic politics on the state and national levels.
Morrow, Lynn, Collection, 1982-ca. 2010, (R1000)
296 folders, 7 cubic feet
These are the correspondence and research files of a Missouri historian. Topics include history, personages, architecture, culture, and folklore, particularly of the Ozarks region of Missouri, but also areas in the central and northern parts of the state. The papers include wide-ranging correspondence concerning research into and publication of the 19th century historical writings of Theodore P. Russell of Iron County and Silas C. Turnbo of southwest Missouri. The collection also includes a large selection of promotional publications and ephemera associated with late 20th century tourism in Missouri and Arkansas.
New Madrid, Missouri, Motion Picture, ca. 1940s, (R0384)
1 video cassette
This is a compilation of "home movies," transferred to one-half inch videotape (VHS), featuring street scenes, community events, and fairs at New Madrid, Missouri.
New Madrid Civic Club, New Madrid, Missouri, Records, 1950-1966, (R0504)
These are minutes of meetings, attendance records, scrapbook, and miscellaneous printed materials of the New Madrid Civic Club in New Madrid, Missouri. Included with the collection is the corporate record book of the New Madrid Community Building, Inc., a joint organization of the Civic Club, the New Madrid Women's Club, and the New Madrid Rotary Club formed in 1959 to build a community center.
New Madrid County, Missouri, Land Claims, 1820-1846, (C3365)
The records contain a plat, description, and letters regarding land claims in New Madrid County entered by Henry Masters, George Ruddle, and Joseph Gravier.
New Madrid Woman's Club, New Madrid, Missouri, Scrapbooks, 1965-1978, (R0488)
5 volumes, 2 folders
These are annual scrapbooks compiled by the New Madrid Woman's Club of New Madrid, Missouri. Included are newspaper clippings, photographs, printed materials, and ephemera which detail the activities of the club. Included with the scrapbooks are two folders of miscellaneous papers, 1965-1968, and newspaper clippings, 1977-1978.
Perkins, Adam (1834-1891), Journal, 1861-1871, (R1335)
The typescript copy of Adam Perkins' journal, a farmer from Bollinger County, Missouri, is dated from January 1861 through December 1871. The journal was discovered in 1990 in Plainfield, Illinois. It was then transcribed by Jean Scott of Orlando, Florida and sent to Lorena S. Eaker of Bollinger, Missouri for editing.
Phillips Family, Papers, 1863-1935, (R0169)
1 folder, photocopies
These are miscellaneous personal papers of the Phillips family of New Madrid County, Missouri. Included are the inventory and sales records of the estate of Shapley R. Phillips, 1863, and a letter from Robert E. Lee concerning the attendance of Murray Phillips at Washington College in Lexington, Virginia, 1869.
Politics in Missouri Oral History Project, Records, 1996-, (C3929)
2.2 linear feet
Interviews with Missouri legislators, politicians, aides, and other participants in Missouri politics. The records include audio cassettes, compact discs, and transcripts of the interviews.
Presbytery of Missouri, Minutes, 1920-1943, (C1353)
0.2 linear feet
The records contain official copies of minutes of the Presbytery of Missouri. Minutes for 1920-1939 are bound; others are in pamphlet form.
Presbytery of Missouri Records, 1817-1920, (C1354)
1.4 linear feet, 6 oversize volumes
The records of the Presbytery of Missouri contain minutes, reports, and other records of an organization composed of ministers and representative elders of Presbyterian churches in Missouri. Volumes 1-6 have been microfilmed. Volume 7 is available onsite. See also collection C1353.
Ramsay Place Names File 1928-1945, (C2366)
12 cubic feet
Card file of origins of Missouri place names, compiled by students of Robert L. Ramsay, University of Missouri professor of English.
Reynolds Family, Collection, 1875-1997, (CG0007)
2.6 cubic feet (45 folders), 9 film reels
The collection of the Reynolds family of Morehouse, Missouri contains correspondence and papers, guest and autograph books, postcards, barbershop business ledgers, educational awards and diplomas, photographs, and films for John Clayborn, Louella (Harmon), Charles Baker, Thelma, and Nell Reynolds.
Reynolds, S.P., Collection, 1806-1810, (C0927)
1 folder, oversize
Plats of village of Little Prairie, New Madrid District, 1806, and of town of New Madrid, 1810.
Rodman, Francis, Letter, 1866, (C1726)
To F[rancis] Rodman, Secretary of State, [Jefferson City, Missouri] from "A Union Soldier who served during the war," New Madrid, [Missouri]. Bitter protest about the 1866 election of "Rebels" in New Madrid, MO. Violations of the registry law governing election procedures. List of reliable Union supporters to verify charges.
Saint Francis Levee District, Records, 1893-1980, (R0076)
8 volumes, 1 folder
These are ledgers, minute books, and financial records of the Saint Francis Levee District. The District was organized in 1893, and reorganized in 1913. It includes parts of Dunklin, New Madrid, and Pemiscot counties in Missouri.
Sewell, Betty "Kennedy (1930- ), Genealogical Collection, 1964-2016, (CG0011)
1.4 cubic feet (29 folders, 1 volume)
The collection contains genealogical research and materials, including family group sheets, correspondence, clippings, and photographs, of the Kennedy, Zook, Sheppard, Priest, Renfroe, Whitley, Gisler, Doughty, and affiliated families.
Sikes Family, Papers, 1845-1859, (CG0019)
The papers contain eight slave bills of sale to William Sikes of New Madrid County, Missouri. These documents reflect the names, ages, and prices of enslaved persons who became the property of Sikes. Three additional documents show land transfers and a tax assessment of personal property.
Smith, Fritz, Log Book, 1892-1900, (R0373)
1 folder, photocopies
This is a daily record of water levels on the Mississippi River at New Madrid, Missouri, 22 November 1892 -- 31 August 1900. There are also occasional notes on the weather, river conditions, and steamboats.
St. Louis-San Francisco Railway Company, Records, 1859-1980, (R0362)
635 items in 56 cartons
These are corporate minutes and financial account books, and other records of the St. Louis-San Francisco ("Frisco") Railway Company (1916-1980) and predecessor, subsidiary, and constituent companies, most notably the St. Louis & San Francisco Railway (1876-1896) and the St. Louis & San Francisco Railroad (1896-1916). The "Frisco" operated in Missouri, Oklahoma, Kansas, Texas, Arkansas, Tennessee, Mississippi, Alabama, and Florida. It became part of the Burlington Northern Railroad in 1980.
Standifird, Aquilla, Civil War Diary, 1862-1865, (R0458)
1 folder, photocopies
This is the Civil War diary of a sergeant and, later, lieutenant of Co. D, 23rd Iowa Infantry. The diary covers duty in Missouri, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Texas, 26 July 1862 -- ca. 15 April 1865. Included are descriptions of service in the Army of Southeastern Missouri, the Vicksburg Campaign, including the battles of Port Gibson, Champion's Hill, Big Black River Bridge, and Milliken's Bend, and furlough and medical leave in Iowa.
State of Missouri Collection, (P0018)
Over 400 original photos created for the 1904 publication on Missouri at the time of the World's Fair by Walter Williams; shows all aspects and counties in Missouri.
Stein, Weldon (1911-1964), Papers, 1928-2016, (CG0008)
0.6 cubic feet (8 folders)
The papers of Weldon Stein contain correspondence, military service records, a personal diary, high school and college graduation programs, and genealogical information.
U.S. Selective Service System, Missouri, Records, 1917-1918, (C2681)
445 folders negative Photostats, 8.7 cubic feet
Lists of persons by county and district selective service boards whose cards were held by those boards. Arranged alphabetically by county.
U.S. Work Projects Administration, "Church Bibliography, Baptist Bodies of Missouri, Associational Minutes," 1941, (C1312)
The collection contains a list of the various Baptist associations in Missouri and the dates for which their records are in existence.
U.S. Work Projects Administration, Historical Records Survey, Missouri, 1935-1942, (C3551)
302 linear feet; also available on 817 rolls of microfilm
Correspondence, records, and working files. Originally designed to survey and inventory all county government records, the survey finally included inventories of church records, manuscript collections, vital statistics, American imprints, and federal archives. Incorporates records of the Federal Writers Project for Missouri.
van Ravenswaay, Charles (1911-1990), Papers, 1841-1990, (C3873)
21.8 linear feet, 1 audio cassette
Correspondence, research notes, photographs, and literary manuscripts of historian and author Charles van Ravenswaay, former director of the Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis; Old Sturbridge Village, Sturbridge, Massachusetts; and the Henry Francis du Pont Winterthur Museum and Gardens, Wilmington, Delaware.
Wiley, Robert S., Collection, 1869-1994, (R0521)
This is a collection of legal documents, newspaper clippings, magazines and printed material, advertising items, and miscellaneous paper ephemera pertaining to the history of Stone County, and to travel, tourism, and recreation in the White River Lakes region of southwestern Missouri. Much of the collection pertains to Stone County, Missouri, but there is also material on Greene, Lawrence, and Taney counties in Missouri, and some locations in Arkansas.
Wilkinson, James, (1757-1825), Proclamation, 1806, (C1810)
Proclamation altering the boundary between the New Madrid and the Cape Girardeau Districts of the Louisiana Territory.
Williamson, R. T., Receipt, 1829, (R0860)
This is a receipt dated 2 September 1829 and signed by R. T. Williamson at New Madrid in New Madrid County, Missouri, for the tuition of Polly and Isabella Belson. The payment was made by Seavers & McFaddin for the account of Fanny Belson, guardian.