World War I Manuscript Collections

World War One affected the lives of millions of people. Many Americans who experienced the conflict firsthand as enlisted servicemen, military officers, or civilian workers with the Red Cross and YMCA kept diaries and wrote letters home with accounts of battles, bombing raids, and boredom. Civilians at home, eager to support the war effort, participated in federal and state government efforts to conserve resources, produced war material, and sold thousands of war bonds. SHSMO's manuscript collection contains diaries, letters, memoirs, scrapbooks, and papers of men and women who served stateside and overseas during World War One. The collection features firsthand accounts of battles, descriptions of bombing raids, and portraits of life on the home front from men and women from all walks of life, providing a snapshot of the war's impact on Americans.

View World War I Digital Collection

Letters, diaries, and memoirs written during or about military service in World War I. Also material pertaining to the war's impact on civilian life and information on veteran's organizations.

For general military information see the Manuscript Collections under the Military heading. The Military heading is subdivided into the following headings: Afghan War, American Civil War, Iraq War, Korean War, Persian Gulf War, Spanish-American War, Vietnam War, World War I, and World War II.

Anti-war and anti-military material is found under Peace and Pacifism

*Collections marked with DIGITIZED MATERIALS have additional digitized items available.

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140th F Club Records, ca. 1927-ca. 1982, (K0119)
1 cubic foot
Meeting minutes, financial records, membership records, photographs of annual reunions, and memorabilia related to the club's activities of Kansas City World War I veterans with the purpose "to promote and perpetuate the friendship and comradeship…."


Aehle, Truman H. “Safe,” Scrapbooks, 1917-1924, (C2147)
2 volumes
Two scrapbooks of newspaper clippings about World War I. Aehle was an aviator from St. Louis, MO.

Aley, Henderson (1893-1970), Papers, 1906-1968, (C4108)
0.3 linear feet
The papers of Henderson Aley contain personal correspondence between himself and his parents during and immediately following World War I. The collection also contains a variety of postcards from 1906-1930.

American Legion, Cuba Memorial Post No. 522, Cuba, Missouri, Service Record Book, ca. 1948, (R0955)
1 folder
This hard-bound booklet lists military veterans, mostly from the Second World War, from Cuba in Crawford County, Missouri. Included are six "Gold Star Boys." Entries include photographic portraits, dates and branches of service, ranks, domestic and overseas postings, awards, and current occupations.

Andersen, Dr. Hans Peter, Papers, 1909-1920, (R0832)
8 folders
These are papers of Dr. Hans Peter Andersen, a physician associated with Washington University Medical School in St. Louis. Most of the collection consists of correspondence (in Danish) from Andersen's family in Denmark. There is also a folder of letters from friends in the U. S. Army Medical Corps in France during World War One.

Ansel, Bernad D., "Anti-German Thought and Action, 1917-1919", (C2396)
1 folder
The papers contain a research paper written for an American history seminar. Ansel undertakes to examine the thought and attitudes of Missourians toward German-Americans residing in Missouri during World War I. Files of the Missouri Council of Defense at the State Historical Society were used as a primary source.

Archer, George L., Papers, 1918-1919 (C0198)
1 folder
World War I letters from an army private in Waco, Texas; England; France and Germany. French currency. German propaganda. Calendar for 1919 with the 5th Division insignia. Welcome from King George V of England to American troops.

Ashurst, R.E., The Watch on the Rhine by Moonlight, 1919, (C3310)
9 folders
Autobiographical writings covering author's childhood, adolescence, and adult life, but centering on World War I experiences in the Canadian Army. Preface, foreword, and completed manuscript, as well as preliminary drafts of some chapters.


Ball, Hampton B., Papers, 1918-1919, (C3935)
0.1 linear foot
The papers of Hampton B. Ball of Troy, Missouri, while in the United States Armed Forces in 1918-1919, consist of letters and a postcard addressed to family members and a brief history of his battalion during the Meuse-Argonne offensive.

Baltzell-Chambers Family, Papers, 1857-1981, (C3995)
0.4 linear feet
The Baltzell-Chambers Family Papers document the lives of a family of blacksmiths and farmers from Deer Ridge, Missouri. The papers consist of correspondence, photographs, a scrapbook, and a genealogy and family history compiled and written by Jerrilee Cain. The collection also contains graduation memorabilia, a high school yearbook, land deeds, and military discharge papers from the Civil War.

Barr, Thomas Akers, Papers, 1861-1919, (R0270)
63 items
This collection consists of correspondence and papers of a native of Illinois and physician who began practice in Lebanon, Laclede County, Missouri, about 1869. Included are letters from Illinois soldiers serving in Kentucky, Tennessee, and North Carolina, 1861-1865, from physicians in Illinois and Missouri, and from Harry Woodson Barr at Camp Bowie, Texas, 1918-1919.

Bauer, Royal D.M. (1889-1983), Papers, 1895-1919 (C0072)
0.4 linear feet
Correspondence of a naval yeoman, 1916-1919, primarily to his sister, Gladys Bauer, and friend, Helen Elizabeth Clark, and diary documenting his service at Great Lakes, Illinois, and Brest, France.

Beagles, Harry J. Scrapbook (SP0024)
0.2 cubic feet (3 folders, 1 oversize)
The Harry J. Beagles Scrapbook documents Beagle’s service in France during World War I.

Beahan, Gary W. Collection, (CA6504)
0.4 cubic feet
Family papers and other materials collected by Gary W. Beahan, genealogist and former Missouri State Archivist, largely pertain to several families from the Mid-Missouri and the St. Charles, Missouri, area. The collection includes World War I correspondence, autograph books, a scrapbook, and miscellaneous material.

Belwood-Ezell Family, Papers, 1850-1935 (C0073)
0.6 linear feet
Correspondence, diaries, and miscellaneous items of families living in Saline and Pettis Counties, Missouri. Much of the correspondence pertains to news of family members and friends. Most of the letters are to and from family members, including children, of Mary Belwood Ezell and Francisco Ezell.

Bergfeldt, Ula Sharon Robinson (1905-1993) Papers, ca. 1861-1993, (K1223)
8 cubic feet
Family, personal and professional materials of Bergfeldt, professional dancer, teacher, producer, and founder of the Kansas City Dance Theatre. Includes family papers: photographs and legal documents for the Sharon and Headlee families, Spring Hill, KS; personal papers: correspondence between Ula and William Harold Bergfeldt (1895-1971) during their courtship and early marriage, as well as Harold's correspondence to his parents and photographs from France following World War I; and professional papers: scripts for ballets and administrative records of the Kansas City Dance Theatre.

Birkhead, Laura E., Papers, 1917-1920, (C1707)
1 folder
Five letters written by Miss Birkhead from Paris, France, to Isabelle Stark of Neosho, MO. Miss Birkhead was involved with refugee work and providing clothing for children. Her letters describe devastated areas, evacuation and camps for refugees, expenses, rationing, and mail service. She also describes the volunteer groups, sponsored agencies, and military units assisting soldiers and civilians.

Bradshaw, William L. (1896-1964), Papers, 1912-1973, (C2556)
11.2 linear feet
The papers of William L. Bradshaw contain business and personal papers of Bradshaw, political scientist and dean of the University of Missouri Business School, 1946-1961. Included are papers as delegate to Missouri Constitutional Convention, 1943-1944, member of State Reorganization Commission, 1953-1955, and other state, local, and professional organizations.

Brady, Robert Kirk, Letters, 1917-1919 (C0077)
0.2 linear feet on 1 roll of microfilm
World War I letters of Robert Kirk Brady of Richmond, Ray County, Missouri, from Fort Sill, Oklahoma, and France. Scenes, customs, and people of France. Army life. Argonne, Verdun, battles, and Richmond and Ray County news.

Bunch, Carroll H. (1886-1969), Scrapbook, ca. 1918-1919, (P0075)
97 photographs
Carroll Bunch, of Hannibal, Missouri, served in the 149th Aero Squadron during World War I. This collection documents his experiences with postcards, snapshots, illustrations and prints. Most of the photographs are of airplanes, but images of soldiers in training camp and locations in England and France are included as well.

Buse, John J. Jr (1864-1933) Papers, 1860-1931, (S1083)
228 Folders, 2001 Photographs
The John J. Buse, Jr. Collection consists of photographs, scrapbooks, historical notes, correspondence, and personal reminiscences of a St. Charles, Missouri, historian and collector. Photos by St. Charles photographers Rudolph Goebel, John Gossler, and A. Ruth are included.


Camp Funston, Kansas, Postcard, ca. 1918, (R0145)
1 folder
This is a postcard featuring a panoramic view of the U.S. Army training base at Camp Funston, Kansas, during World War One.

Clark, Champ (1850-1921) and Bennett Champ (1890-1954), Papers, 1853-1973, (C0666)
25 linear feet, 4 oversize volumes
Political and personal papers of a Democratic U.S. congressman from Missouri, 1893-1895 and 1897-1921, and his son, a Democratic U.S. senator from Missouri, 1933-1945. Also includes materials of other family members. Collection contains correspondence, financial and legal documents, journals, photographs, speeches and writings, and clippings and scrapbooks.

Coleman, O.T. (1891-1965), Papers, 1917-1960, (C0976)
0.4 linear feet
The papers of O.T. Coleman contain his World War I correspondence from Camp Funston, Kansas; England; France; and Germany. The collection also includes clippings and pictorial images regarding World War I and Coleman's diaries as a soil extension agent for the University of Missouri.

Colville Jr., Charles (1894-1955) Papers, 1917-1919, (K0044)
1 volume
Diary of Charles Colville, Jr., member of United States Navy during World War I and with the Navy in the Pacific and Siberia following World War I.

Craghead, Harry, Letter, 1918, (C0480)
1 folder
To Mrs. Harris Wells, Bachelor, MO, from France, Oct. 20, 1918. Written to his cousin by an infantryman during World War I, the letter describes one of his battle experiences.

Crow, Carl (1883-1945), Papers, 1913-1945, (C0041)
5 linear feet, 6 volumes
Bills, accounts, speeches, notes, correspondence and book and article manuscripts on a wide range of subjects. Crow was a resident of China for a number of years and most of his writing was about China or related subjects. The collection includes a diary of a trip over the Burma Road, the diary of a Japanese soldier, and notes and articles on the Japanese opium trade.

Crowder, Enoch H. (1859-1932), Papers, 1884-1942 (C1046)
27 linear feet
Correspondence and other papers of judge advocate general who administered Selective Service in World War I, served as ambassador to Cuba, and, after his retirement from public life, advised sugar interests.


Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR)-Elizabeth Benton Chapter Records, 1915-1992, (K0412)
7 cubic feet, 28 volumes
Minutes, financial records, and printed and published material including yearbooks/directories, newsletters/magazines, and scripts. Also biographies and service records of Kansas City soldiers who served in World War I. Scrapbooks have been microfilmed.

Davidson Jr., Robert L. (1893-1968), Papers, 1915-1919, (C3154)
9 folders
The papers of Robert L. Davidson contain letters written by 1st Lieutenant Robert L. Davidson, Jr., to his family during World War I, most of which were published in the Sedalia Democrat newspaper; typewritten descriptions of some incidents occurring during his training period, and later in France, and two copies of the Stars and Stripes, the army newspaper published in France during the War.

Davidson, Robert L., Jr. (1893-1968), Scrapbook, 1918, (C0869)
1 volume
The collection contains one scrapbook of newspaper clippings kept by Davidson’s parents of Sedalia, Missouri, about his experiences while a 1st Lieutenant during World War I. Also includes articles about Davidson's father, pastor of the First Baptist Church, who did YMCA work in France.

Davis, Ernest A. (1896-1990), Papers, 1846-1990, (C2606)
0.3 linear feet
The personal papers created and collected by Ernest A. Davis consist of letters sent by Davis to his mother Gertrude while he was in the army during World War I. Photographs depict him and his family, and group photographs of Davis’s army units. Two volumes of church records document the Providence Baptist Church in Johnson County, Missouri, c. 1846-1888. Other records document the genealogy of Davis’s family through newspaper clippings and a photocopy of family records.

Dee, James P., Papers, 1949-1950 (C0093)
0.2 linear feet
Correspondence, book reports, reading lists, and University of Missouri M.A. thesis, a rhetorical study of a speech by Nebraska Senator George W. Norris, March 4, 1917, on the "armed ship filibuster."

Dees, Eliga (1895-1968) and Mae (1896-1973), Letters, 1917-1936, (R1453)
0.5 cubic feet (11 folders)
The letters of Eliga and Mae Dees contain correspondence between the couple as well as correspondence to Eliga from other family members.

Dietrich, Karl D., Papers, 1917-1918, (C2581)
4 folders
The papers of Karl D. Dietrich contain foreign and domestic newspaper articles on the World War I armistice, and a personal diary from September 8, 1918 to January 31, 1919.

Dye, Russell Vincent (1907-1979) Family Papers, 1850-1980, (K0225)
2 cubic feet
Correspondence, photographs, business records and other material of the Dye family of Liberty, MO including Alexander V. Dye, U.S. diplomat in Europe and Mexico during and following World War I; his wife Ida Miller; daughter, Margaret Louise (Luisita); but mostly son Russell, a would-be inventor, entrepreneur.

Dyer, Walter W., Letters, 1918, (R0041)
14 items
These are photocopies of fourteen letters from Walter W. Dyer during his military service in World War I. Dyer was an Army teamster stationed at Camp McArthur and Waco, Texas.


Earp, James William (1888-1958) Papers, 1910-1957, (K0087)
6 cubic feet
The collection includes correspondence, scrapbooks, military mementos, articles, short stories, plays, poetry, and other material by Earp. A number of his short stories, in published form, are included in the collection.

Eldridge, William A., Papers (CA6534)
0.2 cubic feet, 1 oversize item
The collection contains military enrollment and discharge papers, a diary, photographs, and miscellaneous artifacts of a World Wari I soldier from Moberly, Missouri. Also includes a history of the 88th Division during World War I.

Eriksson, Emmy Maria, Papers, (K0034)
0.08 cubic foot (3 folders)
The Emmy Maria Eriksson Papers contain a letter addressed to unidentified individuals from Emmy Eriksson and a newspaper clipping written by Will Rogers. Additional material includes a handwritten, unpublished manuscript entitled, “In One of the Neutral Countries during the World War, 1914-1918,” written by Eriksson. 

Eversole, Mary E. Bugg, Papers, 1822-1952, (R1268)
67 folders
This collection consists of correspondence, legal papers, journals, ledger books, and ephemera of Mary E. Bugg Eversole and the Bugg, Cole, and Eversole families of Potosi, Washington County, Missouri. The bulk of the collection consists of Mary E. Bugg's personal correspondence, 1883-1941, financial records 1912-1952, and miscellaneous ephemera, 1863-1938.


Ford Family, Papers, 1838-2006, (C4007)
1 linear foot
The papers of the Ford, English, Cunningham and related families include family correspondence, photographs and postcards, genealogical, school, and miscellaneous material. The correspondence contains references to World War I.

Freidberg, Max (1891-1973) Papers, 1911-1973 (K1073)
0.12 cubic feet
The papers consist of documents, photographs, and artifacts related to the World War I military service of Max Freidberg. The papers also include the naturalization certificate of Benno Freidberg.

French, William A. E., Papers, 1877-1967, (R0175)
26 folders
These are the papers of an author and newspaper publisher at Eminence in Shannon County, Missouri. Included are hunting and fishing diaries, journals, teaching notebooks, lists of published works, short stories, and family correspondence.

Frewen, Moreton (1853-1922), Papers, 1823-1922, (C0879)
41 rolls of microfilm
Papers concerning Frewen's personal life, money-making ventures, and interest in bimetallism and silver. Frewen was a member of Parliament for Northeast Cork and long interested in Irish problems.


Garrett, Ruby Dwight (1882-1968), Papers, c. 1910-1968, (C2558)
1.6 linear feet, and 1 reel of microfilm
The Dwight Ruby Garrett collection contains papers and photographs of Garrett, a Kansas City, MO, lawyer. Garrett commanded the 117th Field Signal Battalion, 42nd (Rainbow) Division, U.S. Army, American Expeditionary Force. The collection concentrates on his World War I and postwar veterans activities. The clipping scrapbook is on microfilm.

General Hospital Letter, (K1365)
0.02 cubic foot (2 folders)
General Hospital Letter contains a two-page letter written by Dr. Thomas F. Miller concerning personal affairs and personnel conditions at the hospital in August 1917. Also included are two unidentified photographs, dated August 1959.

Gresham, Howard, Letter, 1919, (R1111)
1 folder
This is a letter dated 29 May 1919 from Howard Gresham, a wagoner in the Army of Occupation at Neuwied in Germany to Clara Carns at Jasper in Jasper County, Missouri. The letter discusses life in the Army and mutual friends and relatives.

Griffith, Mrs. E.K., Photograph Collection, (P0638)
5 photographs
Photos of Mound City, MO, including the Hiatt and Browning homes, Big Lake State Park ca. 1915, and soldiers returning from WWI ca. 1918.


Hall, Ralph Douglas, Letters, 1917-1919, (R0415)
1 folder, photocopies
These are letters of a native of California, Moniteau County, Missouri, and member of Co. L, 18th Infantry, 1st Infantry Division, during World War I. The letters include brief comments on the war in France, 1917-1918, and service with the army of occupation in Germany, 1919. There is also a letter from Hall's father with news from home.

Hardy, Lloyd Ellis, Collection, ca. 1911-1926, (R0642)
1 folder, photocopies
This is a collection concerning Lloyd Ellis Hardy, a native of Tippah County, Mississippi, and later a resident of Bethany, Harrison County, Missouri. Compiled and edited by the donor, the collection includes letters written during Hardy's service in the 4th Missouri Infantry on the Mexican border and at Nevada, Missouri, 1916-1917, and with the 139th Infantry Regiment, 35th Infantry Division, in France, 1919.

Hiller Family Papers, 1785-1993, (C3856)
7.2 linear feet, 2 volumes
Papers of a family of farmers, lawyers, bankers, doctors, and business people of Kahoka, Clark County, Missouri. The collection includes correspondence, photographs, genealogical records, estate records, diaries, personal account books, deeds, military records, newspaper clippings, scrapbooks, manuscripts, and miscellaneous material.

Hughes, James L., Photograph Collection, (P0522)
4 photographs
Images of World War I era soldiers, ca. 1917.

Hume, John Robert, World War I Diary, 1917-1918, (C2084)
1 folder
The papers of John Robert Hume contain a diary, dated September 6, 1917-February 14, 1918, describing the war in France, medical facilities and staff, troops, battles, living conditions and rations, German submarine and troop maneuvers, and John J. Pershing. Hume was an army surgeon with the 23rd U.S. Infantry Medical Detachment in the Second Division, A.E.F.

Hume, John Robert, Papers, 1898-1919, (R0357)
2 folders, photocopies
These are typescript copies of a World War One diary and poetry of John R. Hume, a native of Doniphan in Ripley County, Missouri, and captain of a U.S. Army medical detachment in France, 1917-1918.


Jones, Burnam R. (1895-1966), Papers, (CA6328)
0.4 cubic feet
Papers include biographical writings, correspondence with daughter, drawings and sketches, and war journal of a Kansas City, Missouri, man who served in France during World War I. Jones later moved to St. Louis and worked for the Chase Bag Company.


Kirkland, J. B., World War One Memoir, n.d., (R0354)
1 folder, photocopies
This is a memoir of service during World War I by a native of Nicholas, Georgia, and member of Company F, 151st Machine Gun Battalion, 42nd U.S. Infantry Division. Kirkland served in northeastern France, 1917-1918, where he saw action in the Baccarat sector and in the defense of the Champagne front on the Marne River, April-July 1918.


Lamy, John E. Collection (C4356)
0.2 cubic feet (5 folders)
Memoir, correspondence, newspaper clippings, and miscellaneous material related to a Missouri physician captured in the Philippines by the Japanese during World War II. Also World War I scrapbook created by John E. Lamy's mother, Marie Elsie Lamy.

Langkop, Walter T, Papers (CA6527)
0.9 cubic feet
Photographs and material related to the death of a World War I soldier from Cooper County, Missouri. Includes a larged framed portrait of Langkop and a copy of List of Mothers and Widows of American Soldiers, Sailors and Marines Entitled to Make a Pilgramage to the War Cemeteries in Europe.

Lavinder, O.A., Letters, 1919, (C0353)
1 folder
From a soldier with the A.E.F. in France to his cousin E.M. Douglas of Benton City, Missouri. Discusses the country, weather, and army life.

Lester, Robert Ridenour (1894-1997) Papers, 1877-1997, (K1158)
5 cubic feet
Correspondence, photographs, ephemera, and some printed and published material related to Lester and the Ridenour Family. Seventeen scrapbook volumes depict travel in the U.S. and Europe, as well as Lester's involvement in France in WWI.

Liberty Memorial and Allied Charities Campaign Collection, 1919, (K0353)
1 folder, 1 volume
Newspaper clippings from the local Kansas City area newspapers about the people who contributed to the campaign and the amounts they gave, poems related to the war and the campaign, and pictures and histories of the Kansas City men who died in the war. Many Red Cross ads are also included, as well as ads from companies that supported the campaign.

Lingenfelder, Julius, Papers, 1876-1934, (C4167)
0.5 cubic feet
The papers of Dr. Julius Lingenfelder contain a typescript copy of his book, The Physician as Leader of the New Era, family correspondence, a scrapbook containing correspondence and news clippings, 1915-1920, and school certificates, including his medical diploma.

Lockmiller, David A. (1906-2005), Papers, 1880-1964, (C0405)
0.2 linear feet
The papers of the biographer of General Enoch H. Crowder, administrator of the Selective Service during World War I and ambassador to Cuba, primarily consist of correspondence from the 1940s and 1950s pertaining to the biography. The papers also include correspondence written to Crowder from prominent political and military figures, publicity materials, book reviews, and miscellaneous records. See also C1046, the Enoch H. Crowder Papers.

Lomax, Victor W. Papers, 1910-1938, (C4270)
0.5 cubic feet (8 folders), 1 oversize map
The papers of Victor W. Lomax contain correspondence, clippings, questionnaires, and photographs related to John J. Pershing and the Pershing Memorial State Park that Victor Lomax was instrumental in creating.

Longan, Rufus E. ( -1936), Papers, 1879-1936, (C0358)
1 folder
Miscellaneous papers of a brigadier general in the U.S. Army, who was a member of a pioneer family of Pettis County, MO. Papers include a school report; marriage license and certificate; will; several letters; messages of sympathy and news clipping of Longan's funeral; and "The Dirigible," an army newsletter edited by Longan.


Mackey, Mrs. Joseph W., Scrapbook, (CA6416)
1 volume
Scrapbook of a woman from Palmyra, Missouri, concerning World War I and Russia, 1910s-1920s.

Manning, Frank Papers, (CA6502)
1 folder
Correspondence and miscellaneous materials of a soldier who served in France during World War I.

Marbut, Curtis Fletcher (1863-1935), Papers, 1852-1963, (C3720)
4.4 linear feet
The personal and professional papers of C. F. Marbut, a geology professor at the University of Missouri, 1895-1910, and soil scientist for the U.S. Department of Agriculture, 1910-1935, includes correspondence, estate and financial records, photographs, publications, manuscripts, and maps. The personal correspondence received by Louise Marbut Moomaw and a short series of Civil War letters are also included in the papers. See also collection 3721, the Curtis Fletcher Marbut Papers, 1901-1943, 1981-1983.

Marriott, Homer Lee, Memoir, ca. 1919, (R0425)
1 folder, photocopies
This is a memoir of a resident of Morgan County, Missouri, concerning his experiences as a soldier in World War One. Marriott served in the 110th Ammunition Train of the 35th Division and participated in the Battle of the Argonne in 1918.

McCartney, Charles E., Papers, (CA6018)
0.2 linear feet
Military papers and reminiscences of a Coast Artillery Unit officer during World War I.

McCutcheon, Welton M., Papers, 1918-1919, (C3821)
6 folders
The papers contain letters from McCutcheon to his parents during his service in World War I. Topics include camp life, training, service with the 22nd Railroad Transportation Company in France, Red Cross and YMCA services, descriptions of Cincinnati, Ohio, Washington, D.C., and a trip to Paris, Reims, and Soissons describing war damage and an uncleared battlefield.

McNulty, Max M., Papers, (CA6021)
0.2 linear feet
Photographs and miscellaneous papers of WWI veteran who later worked at the Missouri Division of Employment Security. Photographs depict family members, WWI experiences, and professional and civic activities in Columbia, Missouri.

Missouri Peace Society Papers, 1912-1919, (C1805)
1 folder
The papers of the Missouri Peace Society contain a bank pass book and three vouchers for the Missouri Peace Society.

Missouri State Museum, Interpretation Program, Oral History Recordings, 1980-2009, (CA6218)
1.2 cubic feet, 410 audio cassettes, 78 video cassettes, 205 DVDs, 3 CDs
Oral history interviews with Missourians regarding historical events on audio cassettes, video cassettes, and DVDs. Also includes transcripts and related material such as photographs, negatives, news clippings, obituaries, correspondence, personal accounts, and ephemera.

Missouri, Vernon County. World War I Service Cards, 1917-1919, (CA6357)
0.5 cubic feet
World War I service record cards for soldiers from Vernon County, Missouri.

Morrow, Howard Ramon, Papers, (CG0039)
0.2 cubic feet (8 folders) 
The Howard R. Morrow Papers includes World War I correspondence to and his parents in Bellevue, Pennsylvania, from 1918 to 1919. This collection also includes six issues of the 320th Infantry's newsletter "The Battalion" Review" from January to February 1919.


Nagel, Elsa Louise (1896-1973), Papers, 1905-1973, (C3910)
3 linear feet
The papers of Elsa Louise Nagel, Associate Professor of German at the University of Missouri from 1926 to 1966, includes correspondence with family, friends, and soldiers during World War I and World War II. The correspondence from World War II is with former University of Missouri students at domestic armed forces bases and in the European and Pacific theaters of war. Also present are newspaper clippings, photographs, and miscellaneous items related to the Nagel and Meusch families.

Neighbors, Charles H. (1892-1969) and Chester V. (1896-1959), Papers, 1917-1919, (C3614)
0.6 linear feet
Correspondence of two brothers, their parents, and other relatives while the brothers were in military service in World War I.

Nelson, Earl F. (1884-1945), Papers, 1862-1945 (C0148)
0.2 linear feet
Two Civil War letters; World War II letters; miscellaneous correspondence of Nelson family; speeches by Nelson on U.S. Constitution, history of Sullivan County, and proposal of new Missouri constitution; University of Missouri Law School Foundation bulletin; notes; and other miscellaneous material.


O'Hare, Kate Richards, Letters, 1919-1920, (C3118)
2 volumes, typed and xerox copies
Kate O'Hare's letters to her family, April 20, 1919, to April 8, 1920, published in newspapers, and reproduced in book form April 14, 1920. Mrs. O'Hare, a Socialist reformer, wrote the letters from the Missouri State Penitentiary, where she served a 14 month term for opposing the draft for World War I. They acknowledge gifts and letters, and discuss the Socialist movement, diseases, prison food, heat and ventilation, and mental disturbances of inmates.

O’Kelley, Lawrence Leroy, Diary, (SP0020)
0.2 cubic feet (2 folders)
The Lawrence O’Kelley Diary records O’Kelley’s experiences in France during WWI from April 1918 to October 1918.

O'Leary, Frank Joseph (1890-1984) Papers, 1911-ca. 1974, (K0976)
7 cubic feet
O'Leary was an attorney in Kansas City, Missouri. Includes appointment books, lecture and class notes, financial records, case files, family photographs, and correspondence. Also letters written prior and during World War I to O'Leary's future wife, Edna.


Pattrick, John H. (1888-1970), Papers, 1885-1999, (C1291)
24.5 linear feet, 5 oversize volumes, 1 audio cassette
The John H. Pattrick Papers include photographs and miscellaneous material related to Pattrick’s experiences while stationed in France during World War I, as well as correspondence and scrapbooks documenting his life and the lives of his family before and after the war. An extensive postcard and greeting card collection, which belonged to his daughter, is also included.

Pemberton, James A., Jr., Photograph Collection, (P0199)
1 folder
Snapshots by donor and postcards from World War I showing scenes from everyday life in U.S. Army during time of war; also artillery damaged from overheating and scene of Armistice celebration. Pemberton, from Bevier, served as a sergeant.

Phalen William J., Diary (S0837)
0.2 cubic feet (1 volume, 7 photographs)
William James Phelan, a St. Louis native, served as a Regimental Sergeant Major in the 314th Engineer Regiment, 89th Infantry Division during World War I.  Phelan trained in Camp Funston, Kansas before being sent overseas on the USS Carpathia.  Following the Armistice, Phelan and the 314th were part of the post-war occupation of Germany. Beginning in September 1917, Phelan kept a detailed diary about his experiences during World War I. From shipping out of Union Station, basic training, service near the front line in France and occupation duty in Germany.  Scattered throughout the diary’s pages are mementos, photographs, and insignia related to Phelan’s service in Europe. 

Phillips, Sidney, Papers (1896 -1979), 1916-1941, (C4303)
0.5 cubic feet (15 folders)
The papers contain photographs of the 4th Missouri Infantry Machine Gun Company of the National Guard during their service along the Mexican border in Laredo, Texas, in 1916. Sidney B. Phillips served with the 4th Missouri Infantry from 1916-1918. The papers also include army manuals issued to soldiers in 1913 and 1941.


Raff Family, Papers, 1852-1923, (R0124)
1 folder
This collection consists of correspondence and miscellaneous papers of the Raff family of Crawford County, Missouri. Included are letters by George Raff of Greenock, Scotland, 1865-1873, and the letters of Archie Raff from Camp Funston, Kansas, and Fort Sill, Oklahoma, 1917-1918.

Ray, E. Lansing (1884-1955), Journal, 1918, (C2168)
3 folders
The collection contains the journal of E. Lansing Ray, editor and publisher of the St. Louis GLOBE DEMOCRAT. Ray was a member of a delegation of American newspapermen invited to visit the Allied Western Front, September-November 1918. The journal includes a record of events and observations of conditions in England, Ireland, Scotland and France, and describes tours, social and political events, and attitudes of the people.

Ribeau Family, Collection, 1870-1982, (R0101)
5 folders, photocopies
This collection consists of correspondence, tax receipts, and miscellaneous material of an African-American family in Ste. Genevieve, Missouri. They lived in a historic poteaux-en-terre house built in 1778.

Riordan, John J., Papers, (C4383)
2.4 cubic feet (55 folders, 81 photographs)
The John J. Riordan Papers document the World War I military career of a veterinary officer, his long and distinguished career as a professional veterinarian in Tarkio, Missouri, and his efforts to record his wartime experiences through the writing of his memoir, Horses, Mules and Remounts: The World War I Memoir of a Veterinary Officer. The book, published in California, was marketed by John F. Riordan, the author’s son. The collection covers the period 1917 to 1990 and includes personal correspondence, photographs, business papers, and multiple drafts of Riordan’s memoir as it evolved into its final form. The collection is notable for Riordan’s unique perspective on the war from the point of view of a veterinary officer. Of interest is a photograph featuring General John J. Pershing and several other high ranking generals as they review 40,000 troops in 1919. The papers have been organized chronologically.

Robertson, George A.S. (1894-1939), Papers, 1919-1987, (C4312)
0.2 cubic feet (5 folders)
The papers of a former World War I fighter pilot and later deputy superintendent of insurance contain biographical and genealogical data on George A.S. Robertson and the Robertson and related family.

Roemer, Charles, Collection, (P0447)
1 folder
Postcards of Missouri scenes in Audrain and Boone Counties. Photographs of returned WWI Soldiers luncheon, Columbia.

Rustemeyer Family, Papers, 1884-1953, (C4017)
0.3 linear feet, 1 computer disc
The Rustemeyer Family papers contain correspondence written to Bernard Rustemeyer by friends and family in Germany after his immigration to America in 1882. The collection also includes newspaper clippings and photographs of the Rustemeyer, Alteköster, Stöckebrand, and Giese families, and Rustemeyer’s hometown, Körbecke, Germany.

Ryan, N.W., Letter, 1917, (C0482)
1 folder
To Ann Ellen Smith, Cameron, MO, from Houston, TX, Dec. 19, 1917. Discussion of morale of the soldier, and mail and packages as a morale builder. Written by a member of the field artillery stationed at Camp Logan.


Sackin, Eugene (1920-2001) Papers, 1918-1940s, (K0705)
0.5 cubic foot
A scrapbook kept by Sackin while overseas during World War II. Also World War I letters from Isadore Levin to his family dated 1918.

Sammons, Edward C., Papers, 1918-1919 (C0403)
1 folder
Two letters written by E.C. Sammons to Mr. and Mrs. Frank M. Cortelyou, Kansas City, Missouri, describing his activities in World War I; two postcards; and two clippings giving a history of Sammons' military career.

Schoppenhorst, Frank R., Memoir, 1938, (R0134)
1 volume
This is a memoir of military service during World War One by a native of Marthasville, Warren County, Missouri. Schoppenhorst served in the 354th Infantry Regiment of the 89th Division. He saw action in the St. Mihiel and Meuse-Argonne offensives. He was wounded during the fighting in the Argonne Forest.

Shrader, Harlan Loy Papers (C4350)
0.4 cubic feet (10 folders, 1 oversized volume)
The records contain papers, volumes, and photographs from the life of Harlan Loy Shrader, including his time as a student at the University of Missouri, his military service during World War I, and his career in poultry science.

Schrantz, Ward Loren, Memoirs, ca. 1909-1946, (R0361)
11 folders
These are memoirs of military service by a resident of Carthage, Jasper County, Missouri, who served in the Missouri National Guard and the U.S. Army before World War I. He was a captain of a machine gun battalion in Europe, 1917-1919, a reserve officer, 1920-1942, and a U.S. Army troopship commander during World War II.

Scott Family, Papers, 1841-1936, (C3033)
0.3 linear feet
The Scott Family Papers consist of correspondence, photographs and miscellaneous documents relating to the Lindsey-Kemp-Reeder family of Ohio and the Scott family of Columbia, Missouri, including the Civil War correspondence of William L. Kemp and the World War I correspondence of future University of Missouri professor D.R. Scott.

Shafer, Walter, World War I Diary, 1918-1919, (S1080)
1 folder
Walter Shafer of Ferguson, Missouri, served in Company H, 138th Infantry Regiment, 35th Infantry Division, in World War I. Shafer's diary details his war experience from the time when the 35th Division left for France until it returned to the United States once the War ended. The diary covers the dates May 2, 1918 through May 13, 1919. Shafer notes at the end of his diary that he wrote entries when he could and not always at the time when events occurred. "No matter how others look at this diary," he wanted them to remember that "it was not written in a comfortable living room and with all the bright side of life surrounding me at the time."

Slusher Family, Papers, 1874-1974, (C4028)
1.7 linear feet
The Slusher family papers consist of personal correspondence and account books of the Slushers of Lexington, Missouri, and their extended family who lived in Missouri and Virginia.

Stephens, Blanche L. Howard (1874-1931), Papers, 1917-1919, (C0060)
1.5 linear feet
The letters and papers of Blanche L. Stephens, a Columbia, Missouri, woman, reflect her activity in all types of women’s work during World War I. She was Fourth District Chairman of the Woman’s Committee, Council of National Defense and these papers pertain to all work carried on by that organization: Liberty Loan, Red Cross, food conservation, child welfare, patriotic education, and related problems.

Stigliani Family, Papers, c. 1900-2003, (C4037)
2 linear feet
The collection consists of correspondence, photographs, legal documents, journals, newspaper clippings, World War II materials, and various other papers belonging to the members of Stigliani, D’Andrea, and Vincitorio families, from the period c. 1900-2003. The documents produced by Louis F. Stigliani include his correspondence from 1934 to 1945, photographs taken during his military service in Italy, as well as other writings and legal documents. The collection also includes photographs, piano making manuals, and personal papers of Leonard Stigliani, Louis’s father. There are photographs of the members of the related families of D’Andrea and Vincitorio, from the period c. 1900 to 1973, and genealogical records about the Stiglianis.

Sullivan News Collection, 1918-1920, (C2020)
1 folder
Letters written by servicemen at the end of World War I, from the files of the SULLIVAN NEWS.


Talman, Leo, Papers, (K1047)
0.01 cubic foot (1 folder, 1 photograph)
The Leo Talman Papers consists of a single photograph. The photograph depicts a medallion inscribed with a Jewish prayer and a newspaper article providing the story behind the medallion, which was published in The Kansas City Star.

Taylor, Irene S. (1902-1989), Papers, 1891-1986, (C1220)
1.4 linear feet
The papers of Irene S. Taylor, a journalist from St. Joseph, Missouri, who worked for several news organizations in Paris, France, in the 1930s, consist of correspondence, photographs, and articles, and records from her service in the U.S. Army in the 1940s and 1950s.

Taylor, John N., Family Papers (CA6448)
5.65 cubic feet, 11 oversize items
Papers of a businessman from Huntsville and Columbia, Missouri, include business records of car dealerships, as well as family papers, including World War I material, correspondence, photographs, and miscellaneous material.

Teachenor, Dix (1892-1961) Papers, 1911-1935, (K0015)
0.3 cubic foot
A scrapbook of letters, maps, photographs, postcards, and other memorabilia from Teachenor's tour of duty during World War I Additionally, there are scattered newspaper clippings and other material related to Teachenor's tennis activities and his insurance sales career.

Thompson, Stephen W., World War I Letter, 1918, (C1729)
1 folder
To Squire H. Anderson, New York City, from France, Mar. 18, 1918. Thompson, A World War I pilot, wrote about mail censorship, sightseeing in Paris, Parisian street system and architecture, entertainment, and weather. Description of a bombing raid and a "Boche attack."

Thurman, Shelton E., Papers, ca. 1919, (R0307)
1 folder
These are miscellaneous papers of Shelton E. Thurman, a veteran of World War One and resident of Farmington, Missouri. The collection includes a photograph of the 3rd Battalion Teamsters, U.S. Army, Trier, Germany, a postcard to his wife, Elsie May, and his victory medal, all circa 1919. There are also postwar views of Thurman and his wife.


U.S. Committee on Public Information, Missouri Division of Four-Minute Men, Collection, (CA6285)
0.2 cubic feet
Four-Minute Men was a volunteer organization created by the U.S. Committee on Public Information and endorsed by President Woodrow Wilson during World War I. Orators delivered brief speeches on specified topics to “ready-made” audiences in theaters and other venues. The propaganda campaign served to solicit support for the war. L.L. [Loyal Lovejoy] Leonard of St. Louis was the State Director for Missouri. The collection includes national and state materials.


Vanmeter Family, Papers, 1836-1948 (C0414)
3 folders
Business papers, tax receipts, real estate documents, and World War I letters of a Saline County, Missouri, family. Farm record books kept by A.J. Vanmeter, 1859-1871; bank checkbook; and travel diary of a motor trip from Missouri to California and back in 1922.


Walker Jr., M.E., Papers, (K0785)
0.1 cubic foot (3 folders)
The collection of M. E. Walker, Jr. contains a training notebook and notes concerning information about weapons and ammunition, patrols, and military organization and procedures. A hand drawn sketch of a woman, presumably by Walker, is also included.

Wanger, Frederick Marion (1888-1956) World War One Collection, ca. 1917-1970, (K0587)
1 cubic foot
Personal papers of Wanger of St. Joseph, MO who served as Company Clerk of Company "A", 356th Infantry Regiment, 89th Division in World War I. Includes letters, photographs, a manuscript and printed history of Company "A, artifacts and other documents relation to Company "A", its service in the War and after, its reunions, and the American Legion.

Wahlers, Irwin M., Letter, 1918, (R0155)
1 folder, photocopies
This is a short letter from "somewhere in France," 27 October 1918, by a native of Versailles in Morgan County, Missouri. Wahlers, who served with the 336th Field Artillery, mentioned other soldiers from Morgan County and the ox carts and horses used on French farms.

Warren, James, Papers, (CA6235)
0.2 linear feet
Correspondence written by a World War I soldier who served in France in 1918. Photographs and miscellaneous family papers are also included.

Welter, Edward Leo, Diary, 1918-1919, (R0312)
1 folder, photocopies
This is a diary of overseas service by a native of Kelso, Scott County, Missouri, and an enlisted member of Co. F, 110th Engineers, 35th Division, U.S. Army. E. L. Welter served in France along the Somme River and in the Vosges Mountains, was part of the reserve during the St. Mihiel offensive, and came under fire during the Meuse-Argonne offensive.

Westover, John G., Collection, 1910-1946, (C3733)
1.1 cubic feet
Correspondence between members of a Missouri family, including three sons in the service, during World War II. The letters deal largely with family matters, but also include descriptions of military bases, a soldier's daily routine and training, and people, cities, and countries in Africa and Europe. Also included are letters from an uncle who was in the service during World War I and in the 1920s.

White, Richard Drace (1877-1953), Papers, 1895-1953, (C3624)
0.5 linear feet
Unpublished autobiography, correspondence, photographs and newspaper clippings of a Missourian who graduated from the United States Naval Academy, spent forty years on active duty in the Navy, was made a Rear Admiral, and served in the diplomatic corps.

Wight, Mrs. James, Collection, (P0521)
5 photographs
Copy images of Boone Co Circuit Clerk's Office, Armistice day broadside, and invitation to a hanging.

Wilferth, Estella (1896-1978), Papers, 1912-1962, (C3035)
0.2 linear feet
The papers of Estella Wilferth consist of correspondence written to Estella Wilferth from friends and family members, the majority of the letters date from the World War I period. The letters cover topics concerning local events, weather, daily activities, and feelings about the war from the perspective of both soldiers and civilians.

World War I Collection, 1917-1921, (C3223)
1.4 cubic feet
Clippings largely from Kansas City and St. Louis, MO, newspapers regarding World War I soldiers from Missouri; the 35th, 89th, and Rainbow Divisions; and the Red Cross and hospital work. Also includes political cartoons, war statistics, and county casualty lists.

World War I, American Expeditionary Forces, Legend and Insignias, 1917, 1918, (C4161)
1 folder
Listings of World War I American Expeditionary Forces divisions/army corps, date of arrival in France, or when organized, and principal activity or activities.

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