Texas County, named for the Republic of Texas, was organized in 1845. The county seat is Houston. Texas County is the largest county, in area, in Missouri. The collections listed below deal in some manner with Texas County. This list is not comprehensive, so be sure to browse collection descriptions by subject.
*Collections marked with DIGITIZED MATERIALS have additional digitized items available.
Agriculture Stabilization and Conservation Service Aerial Photographs, (P0335)
107.5 linear feet
Missouri county aerial photographs produced by the Agriculture Stabilization and Conservation Service.
American Revolution Bicentennial, Missouri Committee for Agriculture, Papers, 1974-1976 (C4276)
1.2 cubic feet (42 folders), 1 audio tape
The papers of the committee contain correspondence, newsletters, reports, updates, events awards programs, lists of elected members, historical information on "Centennial Farms," and "Liberty Trees," meeting minutes, announcements, newspaper clippings, and audio-visual material for a slide presentation entitled "The Spirit of 76."
American Sunday-School Union, Field Workers' Record Books, 1917-1930, (R0565)
6 folders, photocopies
These are records of field work by F. L. Spindler and J. S. Wallace, missionaries for the American Sunday-School Union, in Christian, Douglas, Howell, Ozark, Texas, Webster, and Wright counties in Missouri. The records include a daily log of missionary activities, lists of churches, Sunday schools, and superintendents visited, and accounts of periodicals sold.
Barnitz, Franklin Hoke, Papers, 1860-1894, (R0164)
5 folders, 2 volumes
This collection consists of correspondence and miscellaneous papers of Franklin H. Barnitz of Lake Spring, Dent County, Missouri. He was a native of Pennsylvania and freighter who operated from the railhead of the Southwest Branch of the Pacific Railroad in Phelps County before moving to Lake Spring. The collection includes letters from his family in York, Pennsylvania, and from friends and business associates in Arkansas, Kansas, and Missouri.
Bradford, Priscilla, "Old Crow Camp Ground," 1976, (R0108)
1 folder, pamphlet
This is a history of the Methodist camp north of Houston in Texas County, Missouri. The pamphlet is illustrated with photographs of the Crow Chapel and campground and pages from a manuscript membership record book.
De Forest, Sarah Ann Reed Sturgeon, Scrapbook, ca. 1920-1950, (R0073)
1 folder, photocopies
This is a scrapbook of genealogical information on residents of Phelps and Texas counties in Missouri. The scrapbook includes clippings of obituaries, wedding announcements, and biographical notes from the Rolla and Licking newspapers. The collection is indexed.
Debo, Bruce, Collection, ca. 1930s-1950s, (R1011)
These are photographs of Newburg, Arlington, Hooker, and Waynesville in Phelps and Pulaski counties in Missouri. Also included are a printed map showing "Float Stations on the Gasconade and Big Piney Rivers," n.d., and the business card of Roubidoux Woodworkers of Devils Elbow, Missouri.
Duff, William, Collection, c. 1968-1970, (CA6378)
17 audio tapes
Audio tapes largely consisting of oral history interviews concerning the last hanging in Texas County and bootlegging. Also includes songs of Nancy Pittman.
Farley, Leland J., Collection, 1859-1936, (R0014)
This collection includes a land grant deed for land in Texas County, Missouri (1859), a copy of the Plat Book of Texas County (ca. 1920), two items describing the development of the Intercounty Electric Cooperative, and the "Historical Map of Texas County." This map was originally produced in 1936 as a project of the Federal Emergency Relief Administration.
Finley, E.J., Letter, 1866, (C1727)
To [Francis] Rodman, Jefferson City, MO, from Texas County, MO, Nov. 8, 1866. Finley charged violation of the registry law in Texas County, protested the election of Confederate rebels and requested a new election, criticized specific rebels, and praised radicals.
Fogle, Daniel, Letters, 1867, (C2613)
The papers contain six letters from Daniel Fogle to his wife while he was on an exploratory expedition to western Missouri and Kansas.
Grant-Davis Lumber Co., Records, 1882-1949, (R0109)
29 volumes, 9 folders
These are business records of a lumber company based in Cabool, Missouri, which operated in southern Missouri and northern Arkansas. The collection includes ledgers, cash books, trial balances, inventories, and correspondence with the St. Louis and San Francisco ("Frisco") Railroad Company regarding freight claims. Russelle Grant Simonsen, daughter of Paul S. Grant, the last president of the firm, donated the records of the Grant-Davis Lumber Company. Mrs. Simonsen also provided background information on the company and the individuals who operated it. This information has been filed in the Information Folder.
Green Oak Farms, Maples, Missouri, Booklet, 1961, (R1208)
This is a booklet for a registered Angus cattle sale at Green Oak Farms near Maples in Texas County, Missouri, on 7 October 1961. Fifty-three cattle, plus five "calves at foot" were to be sold by proprietor E. E. Martin and "guest consigner" Paul Woods.
Guitar, Sarah (1892-1963), Collection, n.d., (C3391)
1.5 cubic feet, 5 card boxes
Card file compiled by Sarah Guitar, reference librarian of the State Historical Society of Missouri, as a guide to county boundaries of Missouri, 1812-1929; Missouri congressional district boundaries, 1845-1933; Missouri senatorial districts, 1820-1931; and Missouri judicial circuits, 1815-1915.
Harrison, Samuel A., Genealogical Records, n.d., (R0078)
1 folder, photocopies
This is "Samuel Aaron Harrison, 1842-1940; His Ancestors and Descendants," by S[amuel] Claude Null. Null was a grandson of Samuel Aaron Harrison. It is an account of the life of Harrison, with detailed genealogical information. Included is an "Insert on the Ancestry of Presidents Harrison," and a general history of the surname of Harrison.
Hershey, Charley, Diaries, 1883-1888, (R0188)
These are diaries of a young itinerant peddler from Joplin in Jasper County, Missouri. Hershey and his brothers canvassed the mining towns in Jasper County and in Kansas. They made a journey down the White River in Arkansas in 1884, and went to California, Nevada, Utah, and Colorado in 1886. The collection also includes a fragment of a short story, "Goldeye's Trip to the Hills," n.d.
How, Russell A. (1906-1996) and Bernadine M. (1910-2001), Collection, 1927-1989, (C4023)
5 linear feet, 4 card files
The Russell and Bernadine How collection contains photographs, maps, printed materials, and notes on grist mills in the Ozarks region of Missouri and Arkansas. The collection also includes materials related to Missouri tourism.
Hubbard, Spencer M., Papers, 1849-1902, (R0676)
These are miscellaneous papers of Spencer M. Hubbard, physician and county clerk of Texas County, Missouri. Included are personal papers as well as items of county business. There is also the medical account book of Spencer's father, Dr. John H. Hubbard, 1849-1852, and minutes of the Texas County Medical Association, 1888.
Hughes, John Calvin, Papers, 1862-1863, (R0309)
2 folders, photocopies
These are typescripts of the Civil War letters of John C. Hughes, a native of Washington County, Missouri, and member of Co. I, 33rd Missouri Infantry. He wrote to his wife from camps at St. Louis, Rolla, Salem, Houston, and Hartville, Missouri, Columbus, Kentucky, and Helena, Arkansas. Folder 2 contains genealogical data and copies of military service and pension papers from the National Archives.
James, David A. (1937- ) Papers, 1790-2008, (C4126)
5 cubic feet
The research material of a hotel management instructor whose work resulted in the publication Historic Hotels of Missouri: Hotels, Inns, and Taverns of 19th Century Missouri.
Kiefner, Charles E., Papers, 1925-1931, (R0189)
These are papers of a U.S. Representative from Perryville, Missouri. He represented the 13th District (Bollinger, Carter, Iron, Jefferson, Madison, Perry, Reynolds, St. Francois, Ste. Genevieve, Washington, and Wayne counties) in the 69th (1925-1927) and 71st (1929-1931) Congresses. Included are general subject files, post office files, and veterans' pension files.
Kinderpost, Missouri, Collection, ca. 1910-1982, (R0107)
This is material on the post office and community at Kinderpost in Texas County, Missouri. Included are two photographs, ca. 1910; an illustrated article by Priscilla Bradford; and a three-page memoir on the postal system in Texas County by Ellery P. Bradford, 1982.
Kullman, Frederick A., Papers, 1855-1980, (R0120)
3 folders, photocopies
These are miscellaneous papers and a Civil War diary of Frederick A. Kullman, a resident of Cole Camp, Benton County, Missouri, and a soldier in the 13th Missouri Cavalry. His papers include confirmation and emigration certificates from Bavaria, military service records, correspondence, photographs, and genealogical information on the Kullman family. The wartime diary covers service at Rolla and Licking, Missouri, in 1865.
Laramore, Edmond, collector, Baptist Associations Minutes, 1912-1980, (R0394)
This collection consists largely of printed minutes of annual meetings of United or Missionary Baptist associations in southern Missouri. The minutes include the records of annual sessions, committee reports, and statistical information on the associations and their constituent churches. Also included are a few miscellaneous Baptist publications.
Lay, Hubert E., Booklet, 1961, (R1217)
This is a booklet published for the dispersal sale of Hubert E. Lay's herd of Aberdeen-Angus cattle at Houston in Texas County, Missouri, on 30 September 1961. Fifty-two head of cattle were offered, with Col. Wesley Hays serving as the auctioneer.
Leavitt & Kay, Journal, 1875, (R0588)
This is the journal of a mercantile firm operated by J. S. Leavitt and John Kay at Houston in Texas County, Missouri. The entries begin on 7 April 1875 with a memorandum of partnership, and continue through 14 August 1875 when the partnership was dissolved.
Lee, Richard L. (1925-2011), County Courthouse Photographs, ca. 1955, (P0003)
The collection includes photographs of county courthouses for the state of Missouri, taken in the mid-twentieth century by Richard L. Lee.
Little Piney Baptist Association, Minutes, 1837-1935, (R0283)
These are minutes of annual meetings of the Little Piney Association, which was composed of churches in Camden, Cole, Crawford, Dent, Gasconade, Maries, Miller, Osage, Phelps, Pulaski, Shannon, and Texas counties in Missouri. At various times, the organization had also been titled a "United" and "Primitive" Baptist association.
Lynch, William Henry, Papers, 1859-1905, (R0202)
16 volumes, 8 folders
These are diaries and miscellaneous papers of an educator in southern Missouri. Lynch was a native of Houston in Texas County, Missouri. He served in the 32nd Missouri Infantry during the Civil War, and was principal of schools in Steelville, St. James, Salem, West Plains, and Mountain Grove, Missouri, following the war.
Mann, Clair V. (1884-1974), Cemetery Records, 1942-1949, (C2667)
0.1 linear feet
Tombstone inscriptions compiled by Clair V. Mann from cemeteries in Crawford, Dent, Maries, Phelps, Pulaski, and Texas Counties in Missouri.
Mark Twain National Forest, Historical Photographs, ca. 1900-1985, (R0485)
These are photographs copied from holdings of the Mark Twain National Forest in Rolla, Missouri. Topics include National Forest facilities and projects; forest and wood industries; water mills; lakes, rivers, and springs; mines; dams; and the Civilian Conservation Corps and Youth Conservation Corps.
Melton, Mildred Fourt, Photograph Collection, (P0400)
Photos of Cyrus Houston Frost portrait, Hannah Leek Frost portrait, Houston Institute ca. 1890, Houston Public school 1894, Big Piney River Bridge near Houston, confederate reunions, Edna Ruth Starling, Texas County Courthouse (2), The Narrows, and O'Possum Trot School.
Missouri Dept. of Resources, "The White River Country," n.d., (R0324)
This is a map of the White River watershed encompassing all or parts of eleven counties in southern Missouri. Topographic features and recreational sites are shown, as are mills, mines, bridges, fords, schools, and churches.
Missouri Federation of Women's Clubs, Sixth District, Secretary's Record Book, 1932-1943, (R1175)
These are the secretary's minutes of the annual meetings of the Sixth District, Missouri Federation of Women's Clubs. The record book includes minutes of the twenty-ninth through fortieth annual meetings, 1932-1943.
Missouri Rural Area Development Committee, Records, 1957-1967, (C2583)
1.8 linear feet
The records of the Missouri Rural Area Development Committee are organized into four sections: organization, policy, projects, and progress reports. The Missouri Rural Area Development Committee, directed by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, was designed to coordinate efforts to revitalize agricultural and natural resources in the rural areas.
Mitchell, Ewing Young, Jr. (1873-1954), Papers, 1840-1949 (C1041)
0.4 linear feet
Papers of a Springfield, Missouri, lawyer active in Democratic Party politics, who served as assistant secretary of commerce in Franklin Roosevelt's first administration. Material concerns family affairs, law practice with emphasis on county indebtedness, Ozark land speculation, and Democratic politics on the state and national levels.
Mitchell Family, Papers, ca. 1917-1980, (R0151)
1 folder, photocopies
These are reminiscences, newspaper clippings, and genealogical material concerning various members of the Mitchell family at Licking in Texas County, Missouri. Included are Bessie Mitchell Baxter's recollections of the Civil War and a tornado in 1917.
Morrow, Lynn, Collection, 1982-ca. 2010, (R1000)
296 folders, 7 cubic feet
These are the correspondence and research files of a Missouri historian. Topics include history, personages, architecture, culture, and folklore, particularly of the Ozarks region of Missouri, but also areas in the central and northern parts of the state. The papers include wide-ranging correspondence concerning research into and publication of the 19th century historical writings of Theodore P. Russell of Iron County and Silas C. Turnbo of southwest Missouri. The collection also includes a large selection of promotional publications and ephemera associated with late 20th century tourism in Missouri and Arkansas.
Nelson, Buck, Souvenir of Buck's Spacecraft Convention, 1960, (R0759)
This booklet was published in 1960 to be sold at subsequent annual "spacecraft conventions" held on Buck Nelson's ranch in Texas County, Missouri. The "conventions" were gatherings for "flying saucer" enthusiasts and persons interested in interplanetary space travel.
Nielsen, Jorgen Vilhelm, Papers, 1905-1969, (R0440)
This is a journal, 1905-1930, of a native of Denmark and resident of Chicago, Illinois. The entries include notes of becoming a naturalized citizen and a description of a trip to California. With the journal are two letters to John Nielsen at Licking, Missouri, from relatives in Denmark, 1969. The letters and part of the journal are in Danish.
Old Settlers Reunion and Texas County Fair, Houston, Missouri, Program, 1956, (R0637)
This is a program from the 46th Annual Old Settlers Reunion and Texas County Fair, 8-11 August 1956, at Houston in Texas County, Missouri. The program includes the schedule of events, rules and officials of competitions, and advertisements.
Presbytery of Missouri, Minutes, 1920-1943, (C1353)
0.2 linear feet
The records contain official copies of minutes of the Presbytery of Missouri. Minutes for 1920-1939 are bound; others are in pamphlet form.
Presbytery of Missouri Records, 1817-1920, (C1354)
1.4 linear feet, 6 oversize volumes
The records of the Presbytery of Missouri contain minutes, reports, and other records of an organization composed of ministers and representative elders of Presbyterian churches in Missouri. Volumes 1-6 have been microfilmed. Volume 7 is available onsite. See also collection C1353.
Ramsay Place Names File 1928-1945, (C2366)
12 cubic feet
Card file of origins of Missouri place names, compiled by students of Robert L. Ramsay, University of Missouri professor of English.
Robinett, Paul McDonald (1893-1975), "Education in Mountain Grove, Missouri, 1835-1913," n.d., (C2930)
The collection contains a history of the town of Mountain Grove, MO, and its academy, 1835-1913, including brief biographies of superintendents and principals.
Rogers, James S., Papers, 1862-1863, (R0249)
2 folders, photocopies
This collection includes a Civil War diary and letters of James S. Rogers, a resident of Corydon, Iowa, and member of Co. M of the 3rd Iowa Cavalry. The diary and letters cover his departure from home, enlistment and training at Davenport, Iowa, and cavalry service in southern Missouri and northern Arkansas.
State of Missouri Collection, (P0018)
Over 400 original photos created for the 1904 publication on Missouri at the time of the World's Fair by Walter Williams; shows all aspects and counties in Missouri.
Texas County, Missouri, Booklet, 1924, (R1151)
1 folder, photocopies
This is A Message to the Homeseeker, advertising the towns and principal businesses in Texas, Wright, and Webster counties in south-central Missouri. The booklet contains brief descriptions of businesses and illustrations of commercial establishments and public buildings.
Texas County, Missouri, School District No. 2, mill Creek School, Records, (R0651)
These are records of School District No. 2 near Plato in northwestern Texas County, Missouri. Included are records of the district clerk, 1886-1925, and teachers' registers, 1893-1927.
Texas County, Missouri, School District No. 42, Brown Hill School, Records, (R0589)
These are the clerk's records of District No. 42, known as Brown Hill School, in Texas County, Missouri. The records include minutes of annual, special, and board meetings, annual enumeration of students and lists of taxpayers, warrants issued, teachers' contracts and monthly reports, and the district clerk's reports to the county.
Texas County, Missouri, School District No. 79, Coffey School, Records, (R0653)
These are records of Coffey School west of Houston in Texas County, Missouri. Included are records of the district clerk, 1936-1950, and a teacher's register, 1938-1942.
Texas County, Missouri, School District No. 129, Pine Flat School, Records, (R0652)
These are records of School District No. 129 north of Eunice in eastern Texas County, Missouri, known as Pine Flat School. Included are records of the district clerk, 1896-1924, teacher's registers of attendance, 1909-1936, and reports of teachers to the county superintendent of schools, 1936-1941.
U.S. Work Projects Administration, "Church Bibliography, Baptist Bodies of Missouri, Associational Minutes," 1941, (C1312)
The collection contains a list of the various Baptist associations in Missouri and the dates for which their records are in existence.
U.S. Work Projects Administration, Historical Records Survey, Missouri, 1935-1942, (C3551)
302 linear feet; also available on 817 rolls of microfilm
Correspondence, records, and working files. Originally designed to survey and inventory all county government records, the survey finally included inventories of church records, manuscript collections, vital statistics, American imprints, and federal archives. Incorporates records of the Federal Writers Project for Missouri.
Watts, John J., Collection, 1874-1912, (R0038)
These are manuscript notebooks of genealogical records kept by a circuit-riding Baptist minister in the northern Ozarks. The records cover Phelps, Pulaski, Texas, and parts of Maries, and Dent counties in south-central Missouri. An index is included.
Williams, Matthew Z., Williams family papers, ca. 1861-1990, (R1308)
10 folders, 121 images
These are photographs, business papers, genealogical materials, and other items from the Williams, Sturgeon, Watson and allied families of Phelps County, Missouri. Included are papers concerning pyrite mining in Phelps County and a rare view of the village of Beulah around 1906. High quality scans of the images are available.
Wobus, Paul A., Papers, 1918-1989, (R0008)
52 folders, 89 notebooks
The Rev. Paul A. Wobus was born in St. Charles, Missouri, on 14 February 1893. His father, Reinhard Wobus, was pastor of the Evangelical Church there. Paul Wobus died on 11 December 1982 in Concordia, Missouri.