Crawford County was organized in 1829. The county seat is Steelville. The collections listed below deal in some manner with Crawford County. This list is not comprehensive, so be sure to browse collection descriptions by subject.
*Collections marked with DIGITIZED MATERIALS have additional digitized items available.
Agriculture Stabilization and Conservation Service Aerial Photographs, (P0335)
107.5 linear feet
Missouri county aerial photographs produced by the Agriculture Stabilization and Conservation Service.
American Legion, Cuba Memorial Post No. 522, Cuba, Missouri, Service Record Book, ca. 1948, (R0955)
This hard-bound booklet lists military veterans, mostly from the Second World War, from Cuba in Crawford County, Missouri. Included are six "Gold Star Boys." Entries include photographic portraits, dates and branches of service, ranks, domestic and overseas postings, awards, and current occupations.
American Revolution Bicentennial Commission of Missouri, Papers, 1973-1977, (C4259)
0.4 cubic feet (19 folders)
The papers contain letters, notes, scrapbooks, programs, events and some photographs which focused on the American Bicentennial, which was celebrated by a number of Missouri counties in 1976.
Atlantic and Pacific Railroad Company, Record Book, 1876-1877, (R1288)
1 volume, oversize
This Atlantic and Pacific Railroad volume is a register of warranty and quitclaim deeds by the for lands sold by the company in Barry, Franklin, Gasconade, Greene, Lawrence, McDonald, Newton, Phelps, Pulaski, Stone, and Webster counties in Missouri.
Bethel Association United Baptist Churches of Jesus Christ, Minutes, 1816-1996, (R0598)
These are the minutes of the annual meetings of the Bethel United Baptist Association of southeastern Missouri, beginning with the organizational meeting in 1816. The Association consists of churches in Crawford, Iron, Madison, St. Francois, and Wayne counties.
Bourbois Baptist Association, Annual Report, 1877, (R0221)
1 folder, photocopies
These are minutes of the twenty-fifth annual meeting of the Bourbois Baptist Association. The Association included rural churches in Phelps, Crawford, Maries, and Osage counties. The minutes include statistics from the constituent churches.
Cantwell, Harry J., Collection, 1898-1900, (R0677)
These are the papers of an attorney and developer of mineral properties in southeastern Missouri and Oklahoma. Most of the collection concerns title work and exploration of tracts near Irondale and Palmer in Washington County, Missouri.
Cook, Christopher Columbus, Slave Bill of Sale, 1860, (R0317)
1 folder, photocopies
This is an agreement for the sale of two slave children, by Christopher C. Cook to George N. Cook, 21 July 1860, probably in Crawford County, Missouri. Appended are biographical notes by William P. Elmer of Salem, Missouri, 1955.
Crooked Creek Cumberland Presbyterian Church, Crawford County, Missouri, Records, 1871-1926, (C3718)
Church record book of the Crooked Creek Cumberland Presbyterian Church, which began in Keysville and later moved to Steelville. The church was established in 1834 by John Dunlap, Reuben Vaughn, Mr. Keys, and several others. There are several large gaps in this material: 1880-1884, 1895-1902, 1913-1925, and a few smaller ones.
Cuba Community Fair, Booklet, 1948, (R0895)
This is a program booklet for the second annual Cuba Community Fair, held at Cuba in Crawford County, Missouri, on 8-11 September 1948. The fair was sponsored by the Cuba Civic Club and its Auxiliary.
Daughters of Rebekah, Cuba Lodge No. 739, Cuba, Missouri, Records, 1888-1984, (R0968)
24 volumes, 7 folders
These are the record books and miscellaneous papers of the Rebekah lodge in Cuba, Crawford County, Missouri. The Cuba Lodge's collection includes earlier records of Martha Lodge No. 19 at St. James in Phelps County, which consolidated with the lodge at Cuba in 1978.
Davis, Beverly A., Letter, 1865, (R0204)
This is a Civil War letter written by a member of the 32nd Missouri Infantry at Rouse's Plantation, North Carolina, to his niece at Steelville, Missouri. Davis commented on the capture of Richmond, Virginia, and the prospects for peace.
Dicus, Martha Ann Veach, 1842-1930, Scrapbooks, 1896-1930, (R1290)
4 volumes, oversize
This collection consists of four scrapbooks of newspaper clippings compiled by Martha Ann Veach Dicus of Steelville, Missouri. The scrapbooks include wedding notices, birth announcements, death notices, obituaries, and items of local interest in Crawford, Franklin and Washington counties and the communities of Cuba, Palmer, Steelville, and Sullivan.
Dobkins, William Devol, Photograph Collection, ca. 1879-1968, (R1279)
This collection contains ninety-two photographs, consisting primarily of contact prints from the original glass-plate negatives. Of these, at least eighty are attributed to William Devol "Will" Dobkins. The majority of these images were shot between 1892 and 1920. They show outdoor views of life in and around Crawford County, Missouri. The collection includes portraits of families and their homes, school or church groups outside of community buildings, individuals riding horses or mules, farm scenes showing animal-drawn and steam-powered equipment, threshing, wagons with jerkline team hitches, charcoal production, and the Cherry Valley Railroad and Mine. A few images are studio shots.
Eagle Hurst Ranch, Huzzah, Missouri, Poster, ca. 1942, (R1283)
1 item, oversize
This is a 20" x 29" poster that was created as a promotional piece for Eagle Hurst Ranch around 1942.
Elgin, Robert L., Photograph Collection, ca. 1950s-1990s, (R1015)
These are black and white photographs, color slides, plans, and detail drawings of historic structures in the northern Ozarks of Missouri. Several counties are represented, but especially Crawford, Franklin, Gasconade, Maries, Phelps, Osage, and Washington. The primary topics are vernacular architecture, log structures, churches, and cemeteries.
Elgin, Robert L., Research Collection, 1960-1993, (R1261)
These are the research files of a civil engineer, surveyor, and historian from St. James in Phelps County, Missouri. The collection includes reports, scale sketches, and photographs concerning the restoration of various historic sites in Missouri, charcoal iron furnace sites in Missouri, and prehistoric petroglyph and pictograph sites in the Missouri Ozarks.
Evans, James W., Letter, 1850, (C1872)
To Ellis G. Evans, Crawford County, MO, from Frenchman's Bar, Yuba County, CA, Oct. 27, 1850. Letter to his brother describing the hardships of the journey across the plains to the California gold mines. Tells of Indian attacks, shortages of water and food, and difficulties along the Humboldt River.
Farris, Frank Hiram (1867-1926), Papers, ca. 1900-1927, (R1301)
These are papers of a long term Democratic state legislator from Crawford and Phelps counties in Missouri. The collection includes photographic portraits of Farris and his printed orations, clippings and other items from political campaigns, and newspaper death notices and memorials collected after Farris's death in 1926.
Federal Lead Company, Mining Dept., Flat River, Missouri, Letterbooks, 1907-1913, (R0520)
These are letterbooks of outgoing correspondence maintained by Harry Adelbert Guess, general manager of the Federal Lead Company's mine and mill at Flat River in St. Francois County, Missouri. Topics include production, exploration, shipping, labor relations, and environmental pollution.
Fife, Fred W., Collection, ca. 1940-1999, (R0794)
These are photographs and historical information regarding Fred "Spooky" Fife and Sarah Elizabeth "Liz" Fife, proprietors of the Spur tavern on Route 66 near Leasburg in Crawford County, Missouri.
Flanner, Henry Beeson, Collection, 1856-ca. 1936, (R0139)
2 folders, photocopies
This is a typescript of a diary by Henry Beeson Flanner describing his travels between Mount Pleasant, Ohio, and Lake Spring in Dent County, Missouri, where he purchased land. There is also a pamphlet, ca. 1936, by Anna Flanner Buchanan concerning the Flanner family.
Fletcher, Alma, "Library History of Iron County," 1957, (R0150)
1 folder, photocopies
This is a history of library service in Iron County, Missouri, from private libraries through the establishment of a free public library in 1947 and the Ozark Regional Library in 1948.
Guitar, Sarah (1892-1963), Collection, n.d., (C3391)
1.5 cubic feet, 5 card boxes
Card file compiled by Sarah Guitar, reference librarian of the State Historical Society of Missouri, as a guide to county boundaries of Missouri, 1812-1929; Missouri congressional district boundaries, 1845-1933; Missouri senatorial districts, 1820-1931; and Missouri judicial circuits, 1815-1915.
How, Russell A. (1906-1996) and Bernadine M. (1910-2001), Collection, 1927-1989, (C4023)
5 linear feet, 4 card files
The Russell and Bernadine How collection contains photographs, maps, printed materials, and notes on grist mills in the Ozarks region of Missouri and Arkansas. The collection also includes materials related to Missouri tourism.
Independent Order of Odd Fellows, Cuba Lodge No. 270, Cuba, Missouri, Minute Book, 1915-1922, (R0963)
These are minutes of meetings of the Odd Fellows lodge at Cuba in Crawford County, Missouri. The minutes begin on 3 February 1915 and continue through 1 March 1922.
Independent Order of Odd Fellows, Cuba Lodge No. 887, Cuba, Missouri, Records, 1947-1955, (R0964)
1 volume, 1 folder
These are the by-laws and membership register for the Odd Fellows lodge at Cuba in Crawford County, Missouri, beginning with the organization of the lodge on 21 June 1947.
Independent Order of Odd Fellows, Owensville Lodge No. 654, Owensville, Missouri, 1914-1972, (R0965)
This is the Roll of Officers, 1946-1972, of Odd Fellows Lodge No. 654 at Owensville in Gasconade County, Missouri, earlier known as Red Bird Lodge. Also included in the collection are the Secretary's Cash Book and Roll of Officers of Crawford Lodge No. 840 for 1914-1935. The location of Crawford Lodge No. 840 is not known, but presumably it was in Crawford County, Missouri.
James, David A. (1937- ) Papers, 1790-2008, (C4126)
5 cubic feet
The research material of a hotel management instructor whose work resulted in the publication Historic Hotels of Missouri: Hotels, Inns, and Taverns of 19th Century Missouri.
Keathley, Clarence, Photograph Collection, (P0177)
0.125 linear feet
Photos of mining from Ken magazine (1939), the Berryman CCC Camp No. 3733, agriculture, the Palmer Project, and the University of Missouri (ca. 1932-1934).
Laramore, Edmond, collector, Baptist Associations Minutes, 1912-1980, (R0394)
This collection consists largely of printed minutes of annual meetings of United or Missionary Baptist associations in southern Missouri. The minutes include the records of annual sessions, committee reports, and statistical information on the associations and their constituent churches. Also included are a few miscellaneous Baptist publications.
Lay, J. Gilbert, 1906-1986, Scrapbooks, ca. 1960s-1980s, (R1327)
1 cubic foot (6 volumes)
The Gilbert Lay scrapbook collection includes six volumes containing obituaries and death notices for individuals who lived in Cook Station in Crawford County, Missouri, and surrounding communities. Also included are clippings of Lay's poetry and writings, advertisements of his revivals, local history items, and miscellaneous news. The collection also includes the Lay family genealogy. Numerous pages in volume 6 are devoted to Mrs. Lena Lay of Benton Creek, mother of Rev. Lay, who died June 5, 1973 at the age of 98.
Leasburg Community Club, Booklets, 1959-1975, (R0848)
These are booklets published for community centennial (1959), "homecoming" and Civil War centennial (1961, 1963, 1964), and "homecoming" (1975) celebrations at Leasburg in Crawford County, Missouri.
Lee, Richard L. (1925-2011), County Courthouse Photographs, ca. 1955, (P0003)
The collection includes photographs of county courthouses for the state of Missouri, taken in the mid-twentieth century by Richard L. Lee.
Little Piney Baptist Association, Minutes, 1837-1935, (R0283)
These are minutes of annual meetings of the Little Piney Association, which was composed of churches in Camden, Cole, Crawford, Dent, Gasconade, Maries, Miller, Osage, Phelps, Pulaski, Shannon, and Texas counties in Missouri. At various times, the organization had also been titled a "United" and "Primitive" Baptist association.
Lynch, William Henry, Papers, 1859-1905, (R0202)
16 volumes, 8 folders
These are diaries and miscellaneous papers of an educator in southern Missouri. Lynch was a native of Houston in Texas County, Missouri. He served in the 32nd Missouri Infantry during the Civil War, and was principal of schools in Steelville, St. James, Salem, West Plains, and Mountain Grove, Missouri, following the war.
Mann, Clair V. (1884-1974), Cemetery Records, 1942-1949, (C2667)
0.1 linear feet
Tombstone inscriptions compiled by Clair V. Mann from cemeteries in Crawford, Dent, Maries, Phelps, Pulaski, and Texas Counties in Missouri.
Mark Twain National Forest, Historical Photographs, ca. 1900-1985, (R0485)
These are photographs copied from holdings of the Mark Twain National Forest in Rolla, Missouri. Topics include National Forest facilities and projects; forest and wood industries; water mills; lakes, rivers, and springs; mines; dams; and the Civilian Conservation Corps and Youth Conservation Corps.
Mark Twain National Forest, Local History Collection, 1930s-1980s, (R0471)
This collection was selected from unofficial files on miscellaneous historical topics, including local histories, the CCC, the YCC, the "Irish Wilderness," and the Eleven Point River. There are transcriptions of interviews with "old-timers" and Forest Service retirees.
McCormick, John Steele, Collection, 1809-2004, (R0877)
112 folders, 15 volumes
These are the personal papers, correspondence, research, and writings of genealogist and local historian John Steele McCormick, a descendant of Cyrus Russell and Rebecca Pease Russell of Iron County, Missouri. Primary topics are Crawford County, the Forest Hill neighborhood, the Russell and McCormick families, and the Goodman Wonder Show.
Menke, Sandra Skaggs, comp., Russell Family History, 2004, (R1163)
2 folders, photocopies
This is a copy of a history of the family of Cyrus Russell and Rebecca Pease, compiled by John Steele McCormick, ca. 1932-1934. It also contains additional material and photographs up to 2004, supplied by the donor and representing her line of descent from Cyrus Russell and Rebecca Pease.
Meramec Basin Resources Committee, Booklet, 1950, (R0777)
This is "A Shameless Sham": The Army Engineer "Plan" for the Meramec Basin, published by the Meramec Basin Resources Committee in cooperation with the Conservation Federation of Missouri and the Ozark Protective Association. These groups opposed plans by the Army Corps of Engineers to build three multiple purpose high dams on the Meramec, Bourbeuse, and Big rivers in Missouri.
Meramec Regional Planning Commission, historic site surveys, 1980-1989, (R0454)
These are historic site surveys, with accompanying photographs and research materials, for Crawford, Dent, Gasconade (southern portion only), Maries, Phelps, and Washington counties in Missouri. Included are houses, churches, schools, bridges, businesses, and other structures.
Missouri Federation of Women's Clubs, Sixth District, Secretary's Record Book, 1932-1943, (R1175)
These are the secretary's minutes of the annual meetings of the Sixth District, Missouri Federation of Women's Clubs. The record book includes minutes of the twenty-ninth through fortieth annual meetings, 1932-1943.
Missouri Ozarks Chamber of Commerce, Certificate, 1929, (R1196)
This is a "Certificate of Investment" in the Missouri Ozarks Chamber of Commerce dated 5 April 1929 for J. M. Cape of Steelville in Crawford County, Missouri. It constitutes a three-year pledge to support the Chamber at two dollars per year. Officers named on the certificate are F. H. Wielandy (Campaign Chairman), Claude Bass (Solicitor), and E. K. Ponder (Treasurer).
Mitchell, Ewing Young, Jr. (1873-1954), Papers, 1840-1949 (C1041)
0.4 linear feet
Papers of a Springfield, Missouri, lawyer active in Democratic Party politics, who served as assistant secretary of commerce in Franklin Roosevelt's first administration. Material concerns family affairs, law practice with emphasis on county indebtedness, Ozark land speculation, and Democratic politics on the state and national levels.
Morrow, Lynn, Collection, 1982-ca. 2010, (R1000)
296 folders, 7 cubic feet
These are the correspondence and research files of a Missouri historian. Topics include history, personages, architecture, culture, and folklore, particularly of the Ozarks region of Missouri, but also areas in the central and northern parts of the state. The papers include wide-ranging correspondence concerning research into and publication of the 19th century historical writings of Theodore P. Russell of Iron County and Silas C. Turnbo of southwest Missouri. The collection also includes a large selection of promotional publications and ephemera associated with late 20th century tourism in Missouri and Arkansas.
One-room Schoolhouse Oral History Project, Records, 2008- (C4051)
0.9 cubic feet, 33 CDs
The collection consists of interviews with people who attended or taught at one-room schoolhouses. The collection consists of digitally recorded interviews and transcripts of the interviews, photographs, textbooks, as well as some biographical information on the interviewees.
Pleasant Grove United Baptist Church, Iron County, Missouri, Records, 1856-1972, (R0400)
These are record books of the Pleasant Grove Baptist Church near Viburnum in Iron County, Missouri. The records include minutes of meetings and membership rolls beginning with the organization of the church on 12 April 1856 and continuing through its dissolution on 15 October 1972.
Presbytery of Missouri, Minutes, 1920-1943, (C1353)
0.2 linear feet
The records contain official copies of minutes of the Presbytery of Missouri. Minutes for 1920-1939 are bound; others are in pamphlet form.
Presbytery of Missouri Records, 1817-1920, (C1354)
1.4 linear feet, 6 oversize volumes
The records of the Presbytery of Missouri contain minutes, reports, and other records of an organization composed of ministers and representative elders of Presbyterian churches in Missouri. Volumes 1-6 have been microfilmed. Volume 7 is available onsite. See also collection C1353.
Pyle's International Transcontinental Foot Race, Programs, 1928-1929, (R0094)
1 folder, photocopies
These are programs from Charles C. Pyle's first and second annual transcontinental foot races. The 1928 race was from Los Angeles to New York; the 1929 race was from New York to Los Angeles. Through Missouri the runners followed U.S. Highway 66.
Raff Family, Papers, 1852-1923, (R0124)
This collection consists of correspondence and miscellaneous papers of the Raff family of Crawford County, Missouri. Included are letters by George Raff of Greenock, Scotland, 1865-1873, and the letters of Archie Raff from Camp Funston, Kansas, and Fort Sill, Oklahoma, 1917-1918.
Ramsay Place Names File 1928-1945, (C2366)
12 cubic feet
Card file of origins of Missouri place names, compiled by students of Robert L. Ramsay, University of Missouri professor of English.
Scotia Furnace, Crawford County, Missouri, Photograph, 1911, (R0872)
This is a glass plate negative and copy print of Scotia furnace in Crawford County, Missouri. The Scotia Iron Company of St. Louis built the furnace in 1870 and operated it until 1880.
Scott Family, Papers, 1874-1957, (R0453)
These are photographs and miscellaneous papers of the Scott family of Rolla, Missouri. included are the personal papers and memorabilia of John W. Scott (1870-1950), a businessman and musician who directed the Rolla town band and other local ensembles, catalogs of the Western Conservatory of Music operated by Ephraim H. Scott at Rolla, Missouri, and Chicago, Illinois, and other materials pertaining to the Dean and Morris families, and the town of Rolla.
Self, Jesse N., Letters, 1860-1863, (R0304)
1 folder, photocopies
These are letters to his family by Jesse N. Self, a schoolteacher at Irondale, Missouri, and captain of Co. F, 32nd Missouri Infantry. The collection includes letters from Irondale, 1860, and from camps in Rolla and Benton Barracks in St. Louis, 1861-1862. Capt. Self died of erysipelas at Memphis, Tennessee, on 25 February 1863.
St. Louis-San Francisco Railway Company, Records, 1859-1980, (R0362)
635 items in 56 cartons
These are corporate minutes and financial account books, and other records of the St. Louis-San Francisco ("Frisco") Railway Company (1916-1980) and predecessor, subsidiary, and constituent companies, most notably the St. Louis & San Francisco Railway (1876-1896) and the St. Louis & San Francisco Railroad (1896-1916). The "Frisco" operated in Missouri, Oklahoma, Kansas, Texas, Arkansas, Tennessee, Mississippi, Alabama, and Florida. It became part of the Burlington Northern Railroad in 1980.
St. Paul's Lutheran Church, Cuba, Missouri, Booklet, 1955, (R1199)
This is a booklet published to mark the fortieth anniversary of St. Paul's Lutheran Church at Cuba in Crawford County, Missouri, on 20 November 1955. Included are brief histories of Lutheranism in Cuba and of the congregation, which was affiliated with the Lutheran Church – Missouri Synod.
State Historical Society of Missouri, Typescript Collection, (C0995)
774 items on 14 rolls of microfilm
The State Historical Society of Missouri Typescript Collection consists of typescripts of articles and manuscripts donated over the years to the Historical Society.
State of Missouri Collection, (P0018)
Over 400 original photos created for the 1904 publication on Missouri at the time of the World's Fair by Walter Williams; shows all aspects and counties in Missouri.
Steelville High School, Steelville, Missouri, Programs, 1943-1944, (R0927)
These are programs for baccalaureate services (1943) and commencement exercises (1944) of Steelville High School at Steelville in Crawford County, Missouri.
Steelville Normal and Business Institute, Steelville, Missouri, Reunion Book, 1936, (R1282)
1 item, oversize
This is a booklet produced by the Steelville Ledger for a reunion of former students of the Steelville Normal and Business Institute, 25-27 June 1936. It consists of fourteen issues of the newspaper, each containing one or more articles on the school and the reunion, bound into a single volume. The stories include character sketches and reminiscences of students and teachers, along with portraits of the faculty and many of the students.
Trefts, Charles, Photographs, (P0034)
This collection contains images from 1900 to 1963 depicting St. Louis City and County people, public buildings, riverfront scenes, bridges, churches, catastrophes, houses and parks. Trefts photographed many historic events such as the 1904 Louisiana Purchase Exposition; the 1934 World Series; and aviation in St. Louis including the Wright brothers at Kinloch Field in 1908 and Charles Lindbergh's return from Paris in 1927. A number of images focus on Crawford and Iron Counties and the Lake of the Ozarks region in the early 1930s.
U.S. Selective Service System, Missouri, Records, 1917-1918, (C2681)
445 folders negative Photostats, 8.7 cubic feet
Lists of persons by county and district selective service boards whose cards were held by those boards. Arranged alphabetically by county.
U.S. Work Projects Administration, "Church Bibliography, Baptist Bodies of Missouri, Associational Minutes," 1941, (C1312)
The collection contains a list of the various Baptist associations in Missouri and the dates for which their records are in existence.
U.S. Work Projects Administration, Historical Records Survey, Missouri, 1935-1942, (C3551)
302 linear feet; also available on 817 rolls of microfilm
Correspondence, records, and working files. Originally designed to survey and inventory all county government records, the survey finally included inventories of church records, manuscript collections, vital statistics, American imprints, and federal archives. Incorporates records of the Federal Writers Project for Missouri.
Watts, John J., Collection, 1874-1912, (R0038)
These are manuscript notebooks of genealogical records kept by a circuit-riding Baptist minister in the northern Ozarks. The records cover Phelps, Pulaski, Texas, and parts of Maries, and Dent counties in south-central Missouri. An index is included.
Welch, Austin H., Papers, 1908-1927, (R0824)
These are business papers of Austin H. Welch of St. Louis, Missouri, regarding investments in Missouri and Arkansas lands through the Dorsey Corporation of Moline, Illinois. Among the papers are reports on a coal property near Bourbon in Crawford County, Missouri, and agricultural land near Texarkana in Miller County, Arkansas.
Williams, Matthew Z., Williams family papers, ca. 1861-1990, (R1308)
10 folders, 121 images
These are photographs, business papers, genealogical materials, and other items from the Williams, Sturgeon, Watson and allied families of Phelps County, Missouri. Included are papers concerning pyrite mining in Phelps County and a rare view of the village of Beulah around 1906. High quality scans of the images are available.
Williams, Mr. and Mrs. Walter, Photograph Collection, (P0535)
Copy photo of Presbyterian Church, ca. 1871, Boonville. Photos of Phelps, Franklin, Carter, Greene, and Crawford counties, focusing particularly on caves and other natural features.
Wobus, Paul A., Papers, 1918-1989, (R0008)
52 folders, 89 notebooks
The Rev. Paul A. Wobus was born in St. Charles, Missouri, on 14 February 1893. His father, Reinhard Wobus, was pastor of the Evangelical Church there. Paul Wobus died on 11 December 1982 in Concordia, Missouri.