Nathan Boone (1781 - 1856)
Born March 2, 1781, in Boone’s Station, Kentucky, Nathan Boone was the tenth and final child born to Daniel and Rebecca Boone. He grew up alongside his father, later following in his footsteps as a soldier and trailblazer. Just like his father, Nathan spent his childhood roaming the woods, only to return home with fresh game for the family’s dinner table. He also accompanied his father on long hunting expeditions.
In 1799, when Daniel decided to relocate to what is now Missouri, Nathan assisted with the preparations. He helped his father cut down a large poplar tree and hollow a canoe in which to move household items.
When Daniel set out for Missouri, Nathan stayed behind. He married Olive Van Bibber on September 26, 1799, and left for Missouri a few days later. Because Nathan did not arrive with his father, he was not entitled to a Spanish land grant. Nathan purchased 680 acres of land on the Femme Osage near what is now Defiance. He bought the land by selling his horse and saddle.
Around 1805, Nathan and his brother Daniel Morgan Boone began producing salt from a saltwater spring—or “salt lick”—near present-day Boonville. Salt was important on the frontier because it was used to preserve meat. The area became known as Boone’s Lick.
In 1808, Brig. Gen. William Clark asked Nathan to guide him on an expedition to what is now Jackson County. There, they built a fortified Indian trading post called Fort Osage and negotiated a treaty with the Osage.
In 1813 the United States launched an invasion of Canada that failed, but U.S. forces managed to obtain important victories over the course of the war. Oliver Hazard Perry led American naval forces to victory at the Battle of Lake Erie and General William Henry Harrison defeated the British and their Native American allies at the Battle of the Thames. The British attacked Washington, DC, and set several government buildings on fire, including the White House and the U.S. Capitol.
The Treaty of Ghent brought the war between the United States and Britain to an end on December 24, 1814. Because news of the treaty had not yet reached troops in the west, the last battle between British and American forces took place at New Orleans, with General Andrew Jackson securing a final victory for the United States.
Nathan later settled in what is now Ash Grove, Missouri. He died October 16, 1856, in the log cabin he had built there some years earlier.